Before Your Child Immigrates to the United States
If the child you adopted or intend to adopt in the United States is residing abroad, the child will need an immigrant visa to enter the United States. Visas are issued by the U.S. Department of State (DOS) at the Embassy or Consulate in the foreign country where your child resides.
The type of visa your child is issued will determine what steps you need to take for the child to acquire U.S. citizenship.
If your adopted child is already in the United States, visit the “Other Adoption Related Immigration page.
Visa types for Hague Adoptions:
Visa types for Orphan (Non-Hague) Adoptions:
Visa types for Other Adopted Children:
For more information on the Child Citizenship Act see the Child Citizenship Act Information Fact Sheet.
Children with IR-3 and IH-3 visas automatically acquire citizenship if:
For IR-3 and IH-3 cases, we will automatically send your child’s Certificate of Citizenship to your U.S. address without requiring additional forms or fees.
Children with IR-4 and IH-4 visas:
Children with IR-2 visas that are:
Children with IR-2 visas who did not automatically acquire U.S. citizenship can apply for naturalization when eligible.
Last Reviewed/Updated: 04/08/2011