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|If at least one adoptive parent is a U.S. citizen:||If neither adoptive parent is a citizen, but at least one is a Permanent Resident:|
You must file a Form I-130, Petition for Alien Relative and I-485 together with appropriate fees. If the Form I-485 is approved, the child becomes a Permanent Resident.
If the child becomes a Permanent Resident before the child’s 18th birthday, and is residing in the United States with the citizen parent who has legal and physical custody of the child, the child will automatically become a U.S. citizen by operation of law. That parent may then file Form N-600, Application for Certificate of Citizenship or apply for a U.S. passport for evidence of their child’s U. S. citizenship.
The Permanent Resident adoptive parent must file the Form I-130 with appropriate fees, but the child will not be able to adjust to Permanent Resident status until a visa number becomes available in accordance with the Department of State Visa Bulletin in order to file Form I-485. Your adopted child will not automatically become a U.S. citizen.