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Temporary Protected Status & Deferred Enforced Departure

Temporary Protected Status

Temporary Protected Status (TPS) is a temporary immigration benefit that allows qualified individuals from designated countries (or parts of those countries) who are in the United States to stay here for a limited time period. A country may be designated for TPS by the Secretary of Homeland Security based on certain conditions in the country that temporarily prevent the country’s nationals from being able to return safely, or in certain circumstances, the country’s government from being able to handle their return adequately. A TPS country designation may be based on on-going armed conflict, environmental disaster, or other extraordinary and temporary conditions in the country.

For information about TPS, see the ‘Temporary Protected Status’ link to the left. More information about the legal requirements for TPS can be found at Immigration and Nationality Act (INA) section 244, 8 U.S.C section 1254a, and in the TPS implementing regulations at 8 CFR Part 244. The links to INA and 8 CFR are to the right.

Deferred Enforced Departure

Deferred Enforced Departure (DED) allows qualified individuals to remain in the United States for limited periods of time according to a presidential directive. DED is not an immigration status. During the period ordered by the President, qualified individuals under DED generally may also apply for work authorization.

For more information about DED, see the ‘Deferred Enforced Departure’ link to the left. 

Last Reviewed/Updated: 09/01/2011