\ fr \ Federal Register Publications (CIS, ICE, CBP) \ Federal Register Publications (Legacy INS) - 1998 \ FEDERAL REGISTER PROPOSED REGULATIONS - 1998 \ Suspension of Deportation and Special Rule Cancellation of Removal for Certain Nationals of Guatemala, El Salvador, and Former Soviet Bloc Countries [63 FR 64895] [FR 82-98] \ Employment Authorization
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Are applicants for suspension of deportation or special rule cancellation of removal eligible for employment authorization?
Yes. Under current regulations, applicants for suspension of deportation or cancellation of removal are eligible to apply for and be granted employment authorization. 8 CFR 274a.12(c)(10). Applicants for suspension of deportation or special rule cancellation of removal under section 203 of NACARA will also be eligible to apply for and be granted employment authorization under this provision at the time of filing an
application with the Service or EOIR.
Travel Outside the United States
Is an applicant permitted to travel outside the United States while an application for suspension of deportation or special rule cancellation of removal is pending? Applicants for suspension of deportation or special rule cancellation of removal under NACARA are subject to present rules and procedures governing advance parole. Nothing in NACARA authorizes travel outside the United States for beneficiaries. Those NACARA beneficiaries who leave the country without first obtaining advance parole and who are i
nadmissible under section 212(a)(C) or 212(a)(7) may be subject on their return to expedited removal under section 235(b) of the Act.
NACARA beneficiaries who leave the country and are paroled back in will no longer be eligible for suspension of deportation since they would be inadmissible to the United States, rather than deportable from the United States.
Regulatory Flexibility Act
The Attorney General, in accordance with the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 605(b)), has reviewed this regulation and, by approving it, certifies that this rule will not have a significant impact on a substantial number of small entities because of the following reason:
This rule would provide new administrative procedures for the Service to consider applications from certain Guatemalans, Salvadorans, nationals of former Soviet Bloc countries, and their qualified relatives who are applying for suspension of deportation or special rule cancellation of removal and, if granted, to adjust their status to that of lawful permanent resident. It will have no effect on small entities, as that term is defined in 5 U.S.C. 601(6).
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995
This rule will not result in the expenditure by State, local and tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100 million or more in any one year, and it will not significantly or uniquely affect small governments. Therefore, no actions were deemed necessary under the provisions of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995.
Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996
This rule is not a major rule as defined by section 251 of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996. 5 U.S.C. § 804. This rule will not result in an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more; a major increase in costs or prices; or significant adverse effects on competition, employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or on the ability of the United States-based companies to compete with foreign-based companies in domestic and export markets.
Executive Order 12866
This rule is considered by the Department of Justice to be a "significant regulatory action" under section 3(f) of Executive Order 12866, Regulatory Planning and Review. Accordingly, this regulation has been submitted to the Office of Management and Budget for review.
Executive Order 12612
The regulation adopted herein will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the National Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibility among the various levels of government. Therefore, in accordance with Executive Order 12612, it is determined that this rule does not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a Federalism Assessment.
Executive Order 12988--Civil Justice Reform
This proposed rule meets the applicable standards set forth in sections 3(a) and (3)(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988.
Paperwork Reduction Act
This rule requires applicants to provide biographical data and information regarding eligibility for relief under section 203 of NACARA on an application form (Form I-881). This requirement is considered an information collection that is subject to review by OMB under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995. The Service issued a 60-day notice in the Federal Register on May 8, 1998, at 63 FR 25523, requesting comments on this new information collection. No comments were received during that initial 60-day commen
t period. On July 23, 1998, the Service issued a notice in the
at 63 FR 39596, extending the comment period by 30 days. Comments were received
and considered, and certain changes made to the proposed Form I-881 in light of those comments.
The Service solicits additional public comments on the information collection requirements in order to:
(1) Evaluate whether the proposed collection of information is necessary for the proper performance of the functions of the agency, including whether the information will have practical utility;
(2) Evaluate the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden of the proposed collection of information, including the validity of the methodology and assumptions used;
(3) Enhance the quality, utility, and clarity of the information to be collected; and
(4) Minimize the burden of the collection of information on those who are to respond, including through the use of appropriate automated, electronic, mechanical, or other technological collection techniques or other forms of information technology, e.g., permitting electronic submission of responses.
In calculating the overall burden this requirement will place upon the public, the Service estimates that no more than 100,000 individuals will apply for relief under section 203 of NACARA in any single year. The Service also estimates that it will take each applicant approximately 12 hours to comply with the information collection requirement. This amounts to 1,200,000 total burden hours, which equates to an annual cost to the public of $33.5 million a year.
The following is the formula for determining the cost to the public:
(100,000 respondents x $215 application fee = $21,500,000) + (100,000 respondents x 12 hours per response x $10 + $12,000,000) = $33,500,000.
Organizations and individuals desiring to submit comments on the information collection requirements should direct them to the Office of Information and Regulatory Affairs, OMB, Room 10235, New Executive Office Building, Washington, DC 20503; Attention: Stuart Shapiro, Desk Officer for the Immigration and Naturalization Service.
If you have additional comments, suggestions, or need a copy of the proposed information collection instrument with instructions, or additional information, please contact Richard A. Sloan, (202) 514-3291, Director, Policy Directives and Instructions Branch, Immigration and Naturalization Service, U.S. Department of Justice, Room 5307, 425 I Street, NW., Washington, DC 20536.
As required by section 3507(d) of the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, the Service has submitted a copy of the Form I-881 and this proposed rule to OMB for its review of the information collection requirements. OMB is required to make a decision concerning the collection of information contained in the proposed regulation between 30 and 60 days after publication of this document in the
Therefore, a comment to OMB is best assured of having its full effect if OMB receives it within 30 days of publication. This does not affect the deadline for the public to comment to the Service on the proposed regulation.