\ fr \ Federal Register Publications (CIS, ICE, CBP) \ Federal Register Publications (CIS, ICE, CBP) - 2003 \ FEDERAL REGISTER INTERIM REGULATIONS - 2003 \ Removal of Visa and Passport Waiver for Certain Permanent Residents of Canada and Bermuda [68 FR 5190] [FR 9-03] \ Other Regulation Changes
Previous Document Next Document
Other Regulation Changes
In addition, the Service is changing the reference to “British subjects in Bermuda” to British Overseas Territory citizens in accordance with the British Overseas Territories Act of 2002.
In view of the elimination of the existing passport and visa waiver, this rule makes necessary changes to other portions of the regulations.
The interim rule amends § 231.1(d) to require the residents of Canada and Bermuda who are nationals of Ireland or British Commonwealth countries, who are entering the United States for business or pleasure to complete the Form I-94, Arrival/Departure Record.
As a result of the requirement for a passport and nonimmigrant visa, residents of Canada who must present those documents for admission to the United States will no longer be eligible for a Canadian Border Boat Landing Permit (Form I-68) described in § 235.1(e). United States citizens, Canadian citizens and those residents of Canada who are nationals of a designated Visa Waiver country listed in § 217.2(a) will continue to be eligible for the Canadian Boat Landing Permit.
Service regulations at 8 CFR 286.9(b) regarding the payment of a fee for a Form I-68, Canadian Border Boat Landing Permit, § 286.9(b) are being revised to remove the reference to lawful permanent resident of Canada having a common nationality with Canadians since this group of aliens will no longer be eligible for the program.
Good Cause Exception
The Service's implementation of this rule as an interim rule, with provisions for post-promulgation public comments, is based on the “good cause” exceptions found at 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(B). Implementation of this rule as an interim rule is necessary to ensure the national security needs of the United States. Specifically, the implementation of the passport and visa requirement on aliens residing in Canada or Bermuda including those aliens who are nationals of countries that require special clearance procedures,
nationals of countries with high rates of documentary and immigration fraud and abuse, and nationals from countries with high nonimmigrant refusal rates, will ensure that these applicants for admission are properly screened via the Department of State's visa issuance process prior to arrival at a port-of-entry to the United States and possess positive evidence of their identity and the intended purpose of their stay in the United States upon such arrival. This will lessen the possibility that persons who p
ose security risks to the United States and other potential immigration violators may improperly gain admission to the United States. There is reasonable concern that publication of the rule as a proposed rule could lead to an increase in applications for admissions by mala fide non-citizen residents of Canada or Bermuda seeking to avoid the passport requirement and consular screening process during the period between the publication of a proposed and a final rule. Accordingly, the Service finds that it is
impracticable and contrary to the public interest to publish this rule with prior notice and comment period.
Regulatory Flexibility Act
The Commissioner of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, in accordance with the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. 605(b)), has reviewed this regulation and, by approving it, certifies that this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. This rule removes the passport and visa waiver for certain residents of Canada and Bermuda having a common nationality with Canadian nationals or with British subjects in Bermuda respectively. Residents of Canada or
Bermuda who are affected by the rule will be required to obtain a passport and nonimmigrant visa for entry to the United States. This rule will affect individual nonimmigrant aliens who are not considered small entities as that term is defined in 5 U.S.C. 601(6).
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995
This rule will not result in the expenditure by state, local, and tribal governments, in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100 million or more in any one year, and it will not significantly or uniquely affect small governments. Therefore, no actions were deemed necessary under the provisions of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995.
Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996
This rule is not a major rule as defined by section 804 of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Act of 1996. This rule will not result in an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more; a major increase in costs or prices; or significant adverse effects on competition, employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or on the ability of United States-based companies to compete with foreign-based companies in domestic and export markets.
Executive Order 12866
This rule is considered by the Department of Justice, Immigration and Naturalization Service to be a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866, section 3(f), Regulatory Planning and Review. Accordingly this regulation has been submitted to the Office of Management and Budget for review.
By requiring residents of Canada and Bermuda who are citizens of British Commonwealth countries to have a passport and nonimmigrant visa to enter the United States, they will also be required to complete Form I-94, Arrival/Departure Record and pay the appropriate fee, currently $6, at land border ports-of-entry. For those residents who travel frequently from Canada to the United States, the Service may issue the Form I-94, Arrival/Departure Record, allowing multiple entries.
The Service estimates approximately 1 million British Commonwealth nationals are living as permanent residents of Canada, and that there will be approximately 500,000 entries to the United States each year at land border ports-of-entry. Based on this total annual estimate of 500,000 entries of British Commonwealth nationals, the Service anticipates that the additional fees collected from Form I-94s, issued to these residents of Canada who are British commonwealth nationals, may amount to as much as 3 millio
n dollars per year.
The Service believes inspections staffing already planned for the affected land border ports-of-entry will be sufficient to accommodate the workload that will be generated by the British Commonwealth nationals, an no increased staff payroll costs will be incurred to inspect and process the 500,000 annual estimated applicants.
Because currently planned staffing will be sufficient to accommodate the increased numbers of applicants, a cost benefit would accrue from the collection of the Form I-94 fee from British Commonwealth nationals. The cost benefit would result by offsetting part of the current payroll subsidy that is required because current Form I-94 fees do not fully recover the costs of the associated inspections operations.
Therefore, the collection of the fee from British Commonwealth nationals will serve to improve border security and will also contribute to clearer fiscal as well as operational separation of the inspections enforcement operations from the immigration service operations associated with Form I-94 applications. $3 million in new collections will fund the annual payroll cost of 48 of approximately 74 currently subsidized inspector positions at land border ports-of-entry.
As previously stated, the passport and visa requirement is being imposed to increase security and safeguard the United States. The events of September 11, 2001 resulted in the need to assess and evaluate current practices in order to strengthen the law enforcement and security interests of the United States. Requiring permanent residents of Canada and Bermuda who are British Commonwealth nationals to have a nonimmigrant visa will ensure that these applicants for admission are properly screened via the Depar
tment of State's visa issuance process prior to arrival at a port-of-entry to the United States and possess positive evidence of their identity and the intended purpose of their stay in the United States upon such arrival. This will lessen the possibility that potential immigration violators or persons who pose security risks to the United States may improperly gain admission to the United States.
Of the 54 countries affected by this regulation, only 6, Australia, Brunei, Ireland, New Zealand, Singapore and the United Kingdom, are eligible for the Visa Waiver Program. In order to be designated as a participating Visa Waiver Program country, nationals of the country must have a low refusal rate for U.S. visas. In addition, the Attorney General, in consultation with the Secretary of State must determine that the country's designation for the Visa Waiver Program would not compromise U.S. law enforcement
or national security interests, including interests in enforcing immigration laws.
Implementation of this regulation will align the visa requirement for permanent residents of Canada or Bermuda who are nationals of the British Commonwealth countries with that of other permanent residents of Canada or Bermuda. All permanent residents of Canada or Bermuda who are not citizens of Canada or Bermuda will require a passport and nonimmigrant visa unless they are nationals of a country designated as eligible for the Visa Waiver Program, in which case they will only require a valid passport.
Executive Order 13132
This rule will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the National
Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Therefore, in accordance with section 6 of Executive Order 13132, it is determined that this rule does not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a federalism summary impact statement.
Executive Order 12988 Civil Justice Reform
This rule meets the applicable standards set forth in sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988.
Paperwork Reduction Act
Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, Pub. L. 104-13, all Departments are required to submit to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), for review and approval, any reporting or recordkeeping requirements inherent in a rule. This rule does not impose any new reporting or recordkeeping requirements under the Paperwork Reduction Act. The OMB previously approved the information collection requirements contained in this rule for use. INS has submitted changes to the burden hours with regards to Form I-9
4, Arrival/Departure Record and Form I-68, Canadian Border Boat Landing Permit. As a result of this regulation, the burden hours associated with Form I-94 have increased by 33,000 total annual hours. The OMB control number associated with Form I-94 collection is 1115-0077. The burden hours associated with Form I-68 have decreased by 830 hours. The OMB control number associated with Form I-68 is 1115-0065.
List of Subjects
8 CFR Part 212
Administrative practice and procedure, Aliens, Immigration, Passports and visas, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.
8 CFR Part 231
Air carriers, Aliens, Maritime carriers, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.
8 CFR Part 235
Administrative practice and procedure, Aliens, Immigration, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.
8 CFR Part 286
Air carriers, Immigration, Maritime carriers, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.
Accordingly, chapter I of title 8 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:
PART 212--DOCUMENTARY REQUIREMENTS: NONIMMIGRANTS; WAIVERS; ADMISSION OF CERTAIN INADMISSIBLE ALIENS; PAROLE
1. The authority citation for part 212 continues to read as follows:
8 U.S.C. 1101, 1102, 1103, 1182, 1184, 1187, 1225, 1226, 1127; 8 CFR part 2.
2. In § 212.1, paragraph (a) is revised to read as follows:
§ 212.1 Documentary requirements for nonimmigrants.
* * * * *
Citizens of Canada or Bermuda, Bahamian nationals or British subjects resident in certain islands
. A passport is not required except after a visit outside of the Western Hemisphere. A visa is not required.
Citizens of the British Overseas Territory of Bermuda
. A passport is not required except after a visit outside of the Western Hemisphere. A visa is not required.
Bahamian nationals or British subjects resident in the Bahamas. A passport is required
. A visa required of such an alien unless, prior to or at the time of embarkation for the United States on a vessel or aircraft, the alien satisfied the examining U.S. immigration officer at the Bahamas, that he or she is clearly and beyond a doubt entitled to admission, under section 212(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act, in all other respects.
British subjects resident in the Cayman Islands or in the Turks and Caicos Islands
. A passport is required. A visa is required of such an alien unless he or she arrives directly from the Cayman Islands or the Turks and Caicos Islands and presents a current certificate from the Clerk of Court of the Cayman Islands or the Turks and Caicos Islands indicating no criminal record.
* * * * *