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Powers and Authority of Officers and Employees; Revisions to the Internal Review Process for Alleged Violations of the Standards for Enforcement Activities [
68 FR 35273
] [FR 27-03]
FEDERAL REGISTER CITE:
68 FR 35273
DATE OF PUBLICATION:
June 13, 2003
BILLING CODE: 4410-10
DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY
8 CFR Parts 1, 103, 239 and 287
[ICE No. 2274-03]RIN 1653 AA26
Powers and Authority of Officers and Employees; Revisions to the Internal Review Process for Alleged Violations of the Standards for Enforcement Activities
Department of Homeland Security.
On November 25, 2002, the President signed into law the Homeland Security Act of 2002 (Pub. L. 107-296) (HSA), which created the new Department of Homeland Security (Department or DHS). Pursuant to the provisions of the HSA, DHS came into existence on January 24, 2003. The functions of the Immigration and Naturalization Service (Service) and all authorities with respect to those functions, transferred to DHS on March 1, 2003, and the Service was abolished on that date, pursuant to the HSA and the Departmen
t of Homeland Security Reorganization Plan, as modified (Reorganization Plan). The transition and savings provisions of the HSA, including sections 1512(d) and 1517, provide that references relating to the Service in statutes, regulations, directives or delegations of authority shall be deemed to refer to the appropriate official or component of DHS. DHS is promulgating this rule to continue the process of conforming the text of Title 8 of the Code of Federal Regulations to the governmental structures estab
lished in the HSA and Reorganization Plan. This rule is not intended to and does not restrict or otherwise limit the authority of any DHS officer.
This final rule is effective June 13, 2003.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Catherine Muhletaler, Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement, Office of General Counsel, 425 I Street, NW., Room 6100, Washington, DC 20536, telephone (202) 514-2895.
Explanation of Changes
First, the final rule expands the definitions of the terms “Service,” “Commissioner,” and “director” at 8 CFR 1.1. Definitions for the terms “Department,” “Secretary,” and “Bureau” have been added. Definitions have also been added for “BCIS,” “CBP,” and “ICE,” which are the acronyms for the bureaus within DHS that have been delegated the authorities of the former Service. The definitions provide clarification that the functions of the legacy components of the Service continue under the Department. The defin
itions refer to the “Service” in recognition that the term “Service” continues to be used throughout Title 8 of the Code of Federal Regulations, and this final rule amends only limited portions of that title.
Second, the term “immigration enforcement agent” has been added to 8 CFR 103.1(b) in recognition of an ongoing modification to the field structure of the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE). As part of a position reclassification the immigration agent position (within the investigations program of ICE) and the detention enforcement officer position (within the detention and removal program of ICE) will be combined and reclassified into the immigration enforcement agent position. Immigration
enforcement agents will have responsibilities that include the identification and processing of detained criminal aliens within the institutional removal program.
Third, the final rule revises the regulation at 8 CFR 239.1 that delegates authority to issue notices to appear. In his discretion, the Secretary of Homeland Security has published this delegation of authority to issue notices to appear in the Code of Federal Regulations, cross-referencing his general delegation authority under 8 CFR 2.1. The list of officers authorized to issue notices to appear is amended to reflect the ongoing reorganization of functions of the former Service among the Bureau of Citizens
hip and Immigration Services, the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection, and the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement. Removed from the list of those authorized to issue a notice to appear is the Director of Juvenile Affairs, based on the transfer of functions with respect to the care of unaccompanied alien children to the Department of Health and Human Services pursuant to section 462 of the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as amended, 6 U.S.C. 279.
Fourth, the final rule revises 8 CFR 287 part 1 with respect to the powers and authority of officers and employees of these three bureaus. Deportation officers have been provided the authority to execute search warrants under 8 CFR 287.5(e)(1).
In recognition of the position reclassification of detention enforcement officers to immigration enforcement agents, the term “immigration enforcement agent” is added to the existing term of “detention enforcement officer” in 8 CFR 103.1(b), 287.5(c)(6), 287.5(e)(3), 287.5(f), 287.8(a)(1)(iv) and 287.8(a)(2)(iii). Pursuant to their duties and responsibilities within the institutional removal program, immigration enforcement agents are delegated the authority to make arrests under 8 CFR 287.5(c)(1), and 8 CF
R 287.5(c)(2), to conduct searches under 8 CFR 287.5(d), to execute search warrants under 287.5(e)(1), to serve warrants of arrest for non-immigration violations under 287.5(e)(4), and to issue detainers under 8 CFR 287.7(b).
Fifth, the final rule revises the regulation at 8 CFR 287.10 regarding the internal review process for alleged violations of the standards for enforcement activities to replace the references to offices within the Department of Justice that had been responsible for reviewing such allegations with the appropriate offices within DHS.
Sixth, the final rule revises or removes several paragraphs in 8 CFR 239.2 (cancellation of notices to appear), 8 CFR 287.3 (aliens arrested without warrant), and 8 CFR 287.4 (subpoenas), to reflect the recodification of regulations governing immigration proceedings. Under the HSA, the Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR), including the immigration judges and the Board of Immigration Appeals, remain in the Department of Justice, and the regulations pertaining to proceedings before EOIR have been c
odified in Chapter V of 8 CFR. Accordingly, this final rule makes conforming changes to 8 CFR 239.2, 287.3, and 287.4 in recognition that the regulations governing immigration proceedings before the immigration judges and the Board are now codified at 8 CFR 1003 et seq. (including with reference to this rule, 8 CFR 1003.14, 1239.2, 1287.4, and 1292.2).
Finally, the rule revises the regulation at 8 CFR 287.8 by adding a new subsection (g) which states that the criminal law enforcement activities authorized under this rule will be exercised in a manner consistent with all applicable DHS and Department of Justice guidelines and policies.
Good Cause Exception
Compliance with 5 U.S.C. 553 as to notice of proposed rulemaking or delayed effective date is unnecessary as this rule relates to agency organization and management. Accordingly, it is not a “rule” as that term is used by the Congressional Review Act (Subtitle E of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996 (SBREFA)), and the reporting requirement of 5 U.S.C. 801 does not apply.
Executive Order 12866
This rule making is limited to agency organization, management or personnel matters, and therefore is not a regulation or rule as defined by Executive Order 12866. It has also been determined that this rulemaking is not a significant regulatory action for the purposes of Executive Order 12866. Accordingly, a regulatory impact analysis is not required.
Regulatory Flexibility Act
Because no notice of proposed rulemaking is required, the provisions of the Regulatory Flexibility Act (5 U.S.C. chapter 6) do not apply.
Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996
This rule is not a major rule as defined by section 804 of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Act of 1996. This rule will not result in an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more; a major increase in costs or prices; or significant adverse effects on competition, employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or on the ability of United States-based companies to compete with foreign-based companies in domestic and export markets.
Executive Order 12988: Civil Justice Reform
This rule meets the applicable standards set forth in section 3(a) and (b)(2) of Executive Order 12988.
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995
This rule will not result in the expenditure by state, local and tribal government, in the aggregate, or by the private sector of $100 million or more in any one year, and it will not significantly or uniquely affect small governments. Therefore, no actions were deemed necessary under the provisions of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995.
Executive Order 13132
This rule will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the National Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Therefore, in accordance with section 6 of Executive Order 13132, the Department of Homeland Security has determined that this rule does not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a federalism summary impact statement.
Paperwork Reduction Act
Under the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, Public Law 104-13, all Departments are required to submit to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB), for review and approval, any reporting requirements inherent in a final rule. This rule does not impose any new reporting or recordkeeping requirements under the Paperwork Reduction Act.
List of Subjects
8 CFR Part 1
Administrative practice and procedure, Immigration.
8 CFR Part 103
Administrative practice and procedure, Authority delegations (Government agencies), Freedom of information, Immigration, Privacy, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Surety bonds.
8 CFR Part 239
Administrative practice and procedure, Aliens, Immigration, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.
8 CFR Part 287
Administrative practice and procedure, Aliens, Immigration, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.
Accordingly, chapter I of title 8 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:
Chapter I--Department of Homeland Security (Immigration and Naturalization)
1. The chapter heading is revised to read as set forth above.
2. The authority citation for part 1 continues to read as follows:
8 U.S.C. 1101, 1103; 5 U.S.C. 301; Pub. L. 107-296, 116 Stat. 2135 (6 U.S.C. 1, et seq.).
3-4. Section 1.1 is amended by revising paragraphs (c), (d), (o) and (p) and adding paragraphs (u) through (z) to read as follows:
§ 1.1 Definitions.
* * * * *
(c) The term
means the Immigration and Naturalization Service, as it existed prior to March 1, 2003. Unless otherwise specified, references to the Service after that date mean the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services, the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection, and the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
(d) The term
means the Commissioner of the Immigration and Naturalization Service prior to March 1, 2003. Unless otherwise specified, references after that date mean the Director of the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services, the Commissioner of the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection, and the Assistant Secretary for the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
* * * * *
(o) The terms
director or district director
prior to March 1, 2003, mean the district director or regional service center director, unless otherwise specified. On or after March 1, 2003, pursuant to delegation from the Secretary of Homeland Security or any successive re-delegation, the terms mean, to the extent that authority has been delegated to such official: service center director; special agent in charge; field office director; district director for services; district director for interior enforcement; or director, field operations. The terms
also mean such other official, including an official in an acting capacity, within the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services, the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection, the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement, or other component of the Department of Homeland Security who is delegated the function or authority above referenced for a particular geographic district, region, or area.
(p) The term
lawfully admitted for permanent residence
means the status of having been lawfully accorded the privilege of residing permanently in the United States as an immigrant in accordance with the immigration laws, such status not having changed. Such status terminates upon entry of a final administrative order of exclusion, deportation, or removal.
* * * * *
(u) The term
, unless otherwise noted, means the Department of Homeland Security.
(v) The term
, unless otherwise noted, means the Secretary of Homeland Security.
(w) The term
means generally, unless otherwise noted, the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services, the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection, and the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement, as created by the Homeland Security Act of 2002, as amended, Pub. L. 107-296, November 25, 2002, 116 Stat. 2135, and the President's Reorganization Plan, as modified.
(x) The term
means the Bureau of Citizenship and Immigration Services.
(y) The term
means the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection.
(z) The term
means the Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement.
PART 103--POWERS AND DUTIES; AVAILABILITY OF RECORDS
5. The authority citation for part 103 continues to read as follows:
5 U.S.C. 301, 552, 552a; 8 U.S.C. 1101, 1103, 1304, 1356; 31 U.S.C. 9701; Pub. L. 107-296, 116 Stat. 2135 (6 U.S.C. 1
.); E.O. 12356, 47 FR 14874, 15557, 3 CFR, 1982 Comp., p. 166; 8 CFR part 2.
6. Section 103.1(b) is revised to read as follows:
§ 103.1 Delegations of authority; designation of immigration officers.
* * * * *
. The following employees of the Department of Homeland Security, including senior or supervisory officers of such employees, are designated as immigration officers authorized to exercise the powers and duties of such officer as specified by the Act and this chapter I: Immigration officer, immigration inspector, immigration examiner, adjudications officer, Border Patrol agent, aircraft pilot, airplane pilot, helicopter pilot, deportation officer, detention enforcement officer, detention officer, investigato
r, special agent, investigative assistant, immigration enforcement agent, intelligence officer, intelligence agent, general attorney (except with respect to CBP, only to the extent that the attorney is performing any immigration function), applications adjudicator, contact representative, legalization adjudicator, legalization officer, legalization assistant, forensic document analyst, fingerprint specialist, immigration information officer, immigration agent (investigations), asylum officer, other officer
or employee of the Department of Homeland Security or of the United States as designated by the Secretary of Homeland Security as provided in § 2.1 of this chapter.