\ slb \ SERVICE LAW BOOKS MENU \ TITLE 8 OF CODE OF FEDERAL REGULATIONS (8 CFR) \ 8 CFR PART 245 -- ADJUSTMENT OF STATUS TO THAT OF PERSON ADMITTED FOR PERMANENT RESIDENCE \ Sec. 245.1(d)
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Lawful Immigration Status. For purposes of section 245(c)(2) of the Act, the term ``lawful immigration status'' will only describe the immigration status of an individual who is: (Redesignated as paragraph (d) on 10/1/94; 59 FR 51091)
(i) In lawful permanent resident status;
(ii) An alien admitted to the United States in nonimmigrant status as defined in
of the Act, whose initial period of admission has not expired or whose nonimmigrant status has been extended in accordance with part
of this chapter.
(iii) In refugee status under
of the Act, such status not having been revoked;
(iv) In asylee status under
of the Act, such status not having been revoked;
(v) In parole status which has not expired, been revoked or terminated; or
(vi) Eligible for the benefits of Public Law 101-238 (the Immigration Nursing Relief Act of 1989) and files an application for adjustment of status on or before October 17, 1991.
No fault of the applicant or for technical reasons
. The parenthetical phrase ``other than through no fault of his or her own or for technical reasons'' shall be limited to:
Inaction of another individual or organization designated by regulation to act on behalf of an individual and over whose actions the individual has no control, if the inaction is acknowledged by that individual or organization (as, for example, where a designated school official certified under §
of this chapter or an exchange propram sponsor under §
of this chapter did not provide required notification to the Service of continuation of status, or did not forward a request for continuation of status to the Service); or
A technical violation resulting from inaction of the Service (as for example, where an applicant establishes that he or she properly filed a timely request to maintain status and the Service has not yet acted on that request). An individual whose refugee or asylum status has expired through passage of time, but whose status has not been revoked, will be considered to have gone out of status for a technical reason.
A technical violation caused by the physical inability of the applicant to request an extension of nonimmigrant stay from the Service either in person or by mail (as, for example, an individual who is hospitalized with an illness at the time nonimmigrant stay expires). The explanation of such a technical violation shall be accompanied by a letter explaining the circumstances from the hospital or attending physician.
A technical violation resulting from the Service's application of the maximum five/six year period of stay for certain H-1 nurses only if the applicant was subsequently reinstated to H-1 status in accordance with the terms of Public Law 101-656 (Immigration Amendments of 1988).
Effect of departure
. The departure and subsequent reentry of an individual who was employed without authorization in the United States after January 1, 1977 does not erase the bar to adjustment of status in section
of the Act. Similarly, the departure and subsequent reentry of an individual who has not maintained a lawful immigration status on any previous entry into the United States does not erase the bar to adjustment of status in section
of the Act for any application filed on or after November 6, 1986.
Alien medical graduates.
Any alien who is a medical graduate qualified for special immigrant classification under section
of the Act and is the beneficiary of an approved petition as required under section
of the Act is eligible for adjustment of status. An accompanying spouse and children also may apply for adjustment of status under this section. Temporary absences from the United States of 30 days or less, during which the applicant was practicing or studying medicine, do not interrupt the continuous presence requirement. Temporary absences authorized under the Service's advance parole procedures will not be considered interruptive of continuous presence when the alien applies for adjustment of status. (R
edesignated as paragraph (e) 10/1/94; 59 FR 51091)
(2) [Reserved] (Paragraph removed and reserved effective
Special immigrant juveniles
. Any alien qualified for special immigrant classification under section
of the Act shall be deemed, for the purpose of section
of the Act, to have been paroled into the United States, regardless of the alien's actual method of entry into the United States. Neither the provisions of section
nor the exclusion provisions of sections
of the Act shall apply to a qualified special immigrant under section
of the Act. The exclusion provisions of sections
(except for so much of such paragraph as related to a single offense of simple possession of 30 grams or less of marijuana), (3)(A), (3)(B), (3)(C), or (3)(E) of the Act may not be waived. Any other exclusion provision may be waived on an individual basis for humanitarian purposes, family unity, or when it is otherwise in the public interest; however, the relationship between the alien and the alien's natural parents or prior adoptive parents shall not be considered a factor in a discretionary waiver dete
Concurrent applications to overcome grounds of inadmissibility
. Except as provided in 8 CFR parts
, an application under this part shall be the sole method of requesting the exercise of discretion under sections
of the Act, as they relate to the inadmissibility of an alien in the United States. No fee is required for filing an application to overcome the grounds of inadmissibility of the Act if filed concurrently with an application for adjustment of status under the provisions of the Act of October 28, 1977, and of this part.
Availability of immigrant visas under section 245 and priority dates
Availability of immigrant visas under section 245.
An alien is ineligible for the benefits of section
of the Act unless an immigrant visa is immediately available to him or her at the time the application is filed. If the applicant is a preference alien, the current Department of State Bureau of Consular Affairs Visa Bulletin will be consulted to determine whether an immigrant visa is immediately available.
A preference immigrant visa is considered available for accepting and processing
if the applicant has a priority date on the waiting list which is earlier than
the date shown in the Bulletin (or the Bulletin shows that numbers for visa
applicants in her or her category are current). (Paragraph revised effective
53764)(Third sentence revised 7/31/02;
67 FR 49561
) (Redesignated as paragraph (g) and amended 10/1/94;
59 FR 51091
The priority date of an applicant who is seeking the allotment of an immigrant visa number under one of the preference classes specified in
of the Act by virtue of a valid visa petition approved in his or her behalf shall be fixed by the date on which such approved petition was filed.
Conditional basis of status.
Whenever an alien spouse (as defined in section
of the Act), an alien son or daughter (as defined in section
of the Act), an alien entrepreneur (as defined in section 216(f)(1) of the Act), or an alien spouse or child (as defined in section 216(f)(2) of the Act) is granted adjustment of status to that of lawful permanent residence, the alien shall be considered to have obtained such status on a conditional basis subject to the provisions of section
of the Act, as appropriate. (Redesignated as paragraph (h) 10/1/94; 59 FR 51091)
Adjustment of status from K-3/K-4 status
. An alien admitted to the United States as a K-3 under section
of the Act may apply for adjustment of status to that of a permanent resident pursuant to section
of the Act at any time following the approval of the Form I-130 petition filed on the alien's behalf, by the same citizen who petitioned for the alien's K-3 status. An alien admitted to the United States as a K-4 under section
of the Act may apply for adjustment of status to that of permanent residence pursuant to section 245 of the Act at any time following the approval of the Form I-130 petition filed on the alien's behalf, by the same citizen who petitioned for the alien's parent's K-3 status. Upon approval of the application, the director shall record his or her lawful admission for permanent residence in accordance with that section and subject to the conditions prescribed in section
of the Act. An alien admitted to the U.S. as a K-3/K-4 alien may not adjust to that of permanent resident status in any way other than as a spouse or child of the U.S. citizen who originally filed the petition for that alien's K-3/K-4 status. (Paragraph (i) added 8/14/01;
66 FR 42587
(Title I of Pub. L. 95 - 145 enacted Oct. 28, 1977 (91 Stat. 1223), 103 of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1103). Interpret or apply secs. 101, 212, 242 and 245 (8 U.S.C. 1101, 1182, 1252 and 1255))
[30 FR 14778, Nov. 30, 1965, as amended at 41 FR 55850, Dec. 29, 1976; 43 FR 18644, May 2, 1978; 45 FR 37396, June 2, 1980; 47 FR 12133, Mar. 22, 1982; 47 FR 44237, Oct. 7, 1982; 52 FR 6321, Mar. 3, 1987; 52 FR 48084, Dec. 18, 1987; 53 FR 24903, June 30, 1988; 53 FR 30022, Aug. 10, 1988; 54 FR 29441, July 12, 1989]