The USCIS History Office preserves and promotes understanding of the history of USCIS and its predecessor agencies and programs.
USCIS benefits from a legacy of over 100 years of federal immigration and naturalization administration. Below you will find a brief chronology of USCIS’s institutional history.
|1891 ||Office of Superintendent of Immigration created and placed in the Treasury Department |
|1895 ||Office of Superintendent of Immigration upgraded to Bureau of Immigration |
|1903 ||Bureau of Immigration transferred to the newly created Department of Commerce and Labor |
|1906 ||Naturalization Service created and Bureau of Immigration became the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization |
|1913 ||Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization divided into separate Bureaus – the Bureau of Immigration and the Bureau of Naturalization – and placed into the new Department of Labor |
|1924 ||US Border Patrol created within the Bureau of Immigration |
|1933 ||The Bureau of Immigration and the Bureau of Naturalization reunited into a single agency, the Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) |
|1940 ||The INS transferred from the Department of Labor to the Department of Justice |
|2003 ||The INS abolished and its functions placed under three agencies – US Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS), Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE), and Customs and Border Patrol (CBP) – within the newly created Department of Homeland Security (DHS) |
Researchers interested in the history of USCIS, its predecessor agencies, and immigration and nationality law may contact the History Office by writing to firstname.lastname@example.org or calling 202-272-8370.