\ fr \ Federal Register Publications (CIS, ICE, CBP) \ Federal Register Publications (Legacy INS) - 1999 \ FEDERAL REGISTER INTERIM REGULATIONS - 1999 \ Interim Designation of Acceptable Receipts for Employment Eligibility Verification [64 FR 6187] [FR 5-99] \ A. Forms I-94 Marked With a Temporary I-551 Stamp
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Forms I-94 Marked With a Temporary I-551 Stamp
Current regulations at 8 CFR 274a.2(b)(1)(vi)(B) provide that if an individual presents to his or her employer the arrival portion of Form I-94 that the Service has marked with a temporary I-551 stamp and has affixed the alien's picture in lieu of a Permanent Resident Card, Form I-551, the individual must present the actual Form I-551 within 180 days from the date of hire or, in the case of reverification, the date employment authorization expires even if the temporary I-551 stamp on the Form I-94 contains
a later expiration date. At the time of the September 30, 1997, interim rule, when this provision was added to the regulations, the Service determined that the 180-day validity period would be a sufficient amount of time for an individual to obtain the actual Form I-551. Since the September 30, 1997, interim rule, the Service has determined that in some cases, it may take longer than 180 days to obtain the actual Form I-551. In addition, the Service determined that employers may be confused when the expira
tion date written on the Form I-94 itself and the regulatory validity period of the receipt are not the same. It is likely that employers will rely upon the expiration date of the stamp on Form I-94, rather than count 180 days from the date the employee presents the receipt, since the date of the stamp is more obvious. To eliminate this confusion, this interim rule amends the regulations to provide that the receipt validity period for the Form I-94 marked with a temporary I-552 stamp and affixed with a pic
ture is to be the same as the expiration date of the temporary I-551 stamp written on Form I-94. The Service issues some Forms I-94 marked with temporary I-552 stamps with a validity period that is less than 1 year. Some are issued with a validity period that is more than 1 year. However, most are issued with a 1-year validity period. Given the Service's current card production capabilities, 1 year is a sufficient amount of time for the individual to obtain the actual Form I-551.
Some Forms I-94 marked with temporary I-551 stamps and affixed with the alien's picture do not have expiration dates. For such Forms I-94, the interim rule amends the validity period from the current 180 days from the date of hire or, in the case of reverification, the date employment authorization expires, to 1 year from the date of issuance of the Form I-94. This amendment comports with the 1-year validity period generally assigned to Forms I-94 marked with stamps and affixed with pictures that do contai
n expiration dates.
Forms I-94 Marked With a Refugee Admission Stamp
Current regulations at 8 CFR 274a.2(b)(1)(vi)(C) provide that an individual who presents to his or her employer the departure portion of Form I-94 containing a refugee admission stamp as a receipt to complete the Form I-9, must present either Form I-766 (Employment Authorization Document (EAD)) or an unrestricted social security account number card and a List B document within 90 days of the date of hire or, in the case of reverification, the date employment authorization expires. The Form I-766 was introd
uced as a new employment authorization document in a final rule published in the
at 61 FR 46534 on September 4, 1996. The Form I-766 will eventually replace Forms I-688, I-688A, and I-688B as evidence of employment authorization. However, Forms I-688B continue to be issued by the Service at this time. Because some refugees will be in possession of Forms I-688B rather than Forms
I-766, this interim rule amends the current regulations to add Form I-688B to the list of documents acceptable for presentation upon expiration of the 90-day receipt period. Form I-688A is only issued to legalization applicants and does not apply to refugees. Form I-688 is the Temporary Resident Card and also does not apply to refugees.
What is the status of the Service's plan to make comprehensive
revisions to the employment verification process?
On February 2, 1998, a proposed rule was published in the
at 63 FR 5287 proposing comprehensive changes to the employment verification process, including a reduction in the list of acceptable documents. The comment period closed on April 3, 1998. The Service received many thoughtful and detailed comments from the public. The Service is currently reviewing the comments and will issue a final rule with a revised Form I-9 once this review process is completed. Until that time, Service regulations as amended by this interim rule will remain in effect. As with the
September 30, 1997, interim rule, the Service will withhold enforcement of civil money penalties for violations associated with the changes made by the interim rule committed before the effective date of a final rule containing the revised Form I-9.
Good Cause Exception
The Service's implementation of this rule as an interim rule, with provisions for post-promulgation public comment, is based on the "good cause" exceptions found at 5 U.S.C. 553(b)(3)(B) and (d)(3). The reason and necessity for this determination is as follows:
The interim rule adding Form I-94 to the receipt rule was issued on September 30, 1997, in order to implement the document reduction provisions of section 412(a) of IIRIRA. This rule relieves restrictions by extending the validity period of one type of receipt in order to provide adequate time for the issuance of the original document represented by the receipt. The rule also assists refugees by adding the Employment Authorization Card (Form I-688B) to the list of documents acceptable for presentation upon
the expiration of the 90-day receipt period for the Form I-94 marked with a refugee admission stamp. Further, the rule makes clarifying and other changes to facilitate compliance with the regulations pending completion of the Service's comprehensive document reduction effort.
Regulatory Flexibility Act
The Commissioner of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 605(b), has reviewed this interim rule and, by approving it, certifies that this rule does not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities. This rule is a short-term measure, which is limited in scope and only modifies a small portion of the entire employment verification process. It does not introduce new forms. As a result, this rule would not require small entities to significant
ly change established practices.
Executive Order 12866
This rule is considered by the Department of Justice, Immigration and Naturalization Service, to be a "significant regulatory action" under Executive Order 12866, section 3(f), Regulatory Planning and Review. Accordingly, it has been submitted to the Office of Management and Budget for review.
Executive Order 12612
The regulation adopted herein will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the National Government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Therefore, in accordance with Executive Order 12612, it is determined that this rule does not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a Federalism Assessment.
Executive Order 12988 Civil Justice Reform
This interim rule meets the applicable standards set forth in sections 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of E.O. 12988.
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995
This rule will not result in the expenditure by State, local, and tribal governments in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100 million or more in any 1 year, and it will not significantly or uniquely affect small governments. Therefore, no actions were deemed necessary under the provisions of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995.
Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996
This rule is not a major rule as defined by section 804 of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Act of 1996. This rule will not result in an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more; a major increase in costs or prices; or significant adverse effects on competition, employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or on the ability of United States-based companies to compete with foreign-based companies in domestic and export markets.
List of Subjects in 8 CFR Part 274a
Administrative practice and procedures, Aliens, Employment, Penalties, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements.
Accordingly, part 274a of chapter I of title 8 of the Code of Federal Regulations is amended as follows:
PART 274a--CONTROL OF EMPLOYMENT OF ALIENS
1. The authority citation for part 274a continues to read as follows:
8 U.S.C. 1101, 1103, 1324a; 8 CFR part 2.
2. Section 274a.2 is amended by revising paragraphs (b)(1)(vi)(B) and (b)(1)(vi)(C) to read as follows:
§ 274a.2 Verification of employment eligibility.
(b) * * *
(1) * * *
(vi) * * *
(B) Form I-94 indicating temporary evidence of permanent resident status. The individual indicates in section 1 of the Form I-9 that he or she is a lawful permanent resident and the individual:
) Presents the arrival portion of Form I-94 containing an
unexpired "Temporary I-551" stamp and photograph of the individual, which is designated for purposes of this section as a receipt for Form I-551; and
) Presents the Form I-551 by the expiration date of the
"Temporary Form I-551" stamp or, if the stamp has no expiration date, within 1 year from the issuance date of the arrival portion of Form I-94; or
(C) Form I-94 indicating refugee status. The individual indicates in section 1 of the Form I-9 that he or she is an alien authorized to work and the individual:
) Presents the departure portion of the Form I-94 containing an unexpired refugee admission stamp, which is designated for purposes of this section as a receipt for the Form I-766, Form I-688B, or a social security account number card that contains no employment restrictions;
) Presents, within 90 days of the hire or, in the case of
reverification, the date employment authorization expires, either an unexpired Form I-766 or Form I-688B, or a social security account number card that contains no employment restrictions, and a document described under paragraph (b)(1)(v)(B) of this section.
* * * * *
November 25, 1998
Commissioner,Immigration and Naturalization Service.