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Clarification of Parole Authority [65 FR 82254] [FR 71-00]
FEDERAL REGISTER CITE:
65 FR 82254
DATE OF PUBLICATION:
December 28, 2000
BILLING CODE: 4410-10
DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE
Immigration and Naturalization Service
8 CFR Parts 103, 208, 210, 212, 235, 241, and 245a
[INS No. 2004-99]
Clarification of Parole Authority
Immigration and Naturalization Service, Justice.
Interim rule with request for comments.
This rule amends the Immigration and Naturalization Service (Service) regulations concerning the authority to grant the parole of aliens from Service custody by specifically identifying the scope of that authority. This action is being taken to clarify which officials are authorized by the Attorney General, acting through the Commissioner, to grant parole from Service custody.
This interim rule is effective January 29, 2001.
Written comments must be submitted on or before February 26, 2001.
Please submit written comments, in triplicate, to the Director, Policy Directives and Instructions Branch, Immigration and Naturalization Service, 425 I Street NW, Room 4034, Washington, DC 20536. To ensure proper handling, please reference INS No. 2004-99 on your correspondence. Comments are available for public inspection at the above address by calling (202) 514-3048 to arrange for an appointment.
FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT:
Yvette M. LaGonterie, Office of International Affairs, Parole Branch, 111 Massachusetts Avenue NW., ULLICO Building, third floor, Washington, DC 20001, telephone (202) 305-2670.
How Does This Rule Amend the Existing Regulation?
Section 212(d)(5)(A) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (Act) gives the Attorney General discretion to parole into the United States, temporarily, for urgent humanitarian reasons or significant public benefit, any alien applying for admission to the United States. While the power to delegate this authority clearly flows from the Attorney General through the Commissioner to her designees, § 212.5 appears to delegate this parole authority solely to the district director (DD) and the chief patrol agent (CP
A). This rule amends § 212.5 to bring it into conformity a with the delegation of authority provisions contained in §§ 2.1 and 103.1. This rule adds a new paragraph (a) to § 212.5 which specifically states that the scope of the authority to grant parole flows from the Commissioner through her designees, so that the Deputy Commissioner, the Executive Associate Commissioner (EAC) for Field Operations, regional directors (RD) and other designees have the power to grant parole.
Why is This Rule Necessary?
This rule is intended to clarify the existing authority of Service officials to grant parole. Some have interpreted § 212.5 to mean that the authority to grant parole is limited to the DD and the CPA. This interpretation is erroneous.
See Matter of ACCARDI,
14 I. & N. Dec. 367 (BIA 1973). Under section 212(d)(5) of the Act, parole authority is vested with the Attorney General. It is well established under both precedent decisions and § 2.1 that the Attorney General has delegated authority to the Commissioner to implement and enforce the provisions of the Act, but that the Attorney General retains that authority. Section 103.1 further establishes the power of the Commissioner to delegate her authority to subordinate officials, so that the authority to enforce
the Act flows from the Commissioner to her designees, but without divesting the Commissioner or her subordinates of the delegated authority. The specific reference to the DD and the CPA in § 212.5 presumes a delegation of authority from
the Commissioner through the chain of command set forth in § 103.1. To clarify this delegation of authority and to avoid an erroneous interpretation, § 212.5 will be amended to specifically recognize that authority. Therefore, the authority to parole aliens under § 212.5 is clarified to include the Commissioner and officers within the Commissioner’s chain of command, including the Deputy Commissioner, the EAC for Field Operations, the RD, the DD and the CPA.
Exceptions to Notice and Comment
The Service’s implementation of this rule as an interim rule with provisions for post-promulgation public comment is based upon the exceptions to notice and comment found at 5 U.S.C. 553(a)(2) and 553(b)(3)(A) for the following reason: this rule relates to agency management and the rules of agency organization. It does not create a new authority, but merely clarifies the delegation of an existing authority.
Regulatory Flexibility Act
The Commission of the Immigration and Naturalization Service, in accordance with 5 U.S.C. 605(b), has reviewed this regulation and, by approving it, certifies that this rule will not have a significant economic impact on a substantial number of small entities because this rule merely provides authority to Service officials to grant parole of aliens from Service custody. The aliens in Service custody are not considered small entities as that term is defined in 5 U.S.C. 601(6).
Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995
This rule will not result in the expenditure by State, local and tribal governments in the aggregate, or by the private sector, of $100 million or more in any 1 year, and it will not significantly or uniquely affect small governments. Therefore, no actions were deemed necessary under the provisions of the Unfunded Mandates Reform Act of 1995.
Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Fairness Act of 1996
This rule is not a major rule as defined by section 804 of the Small Business Regulatory Enforcement Act of 1996. This rule will not result in an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more; a major increase in costs or prices; or significant adverse effects on competition, employment, investment, productivity, innovation, or on the ability of United States-based companies to compete with foreign-based companies in domestic and export markets.
Executive Order 12866
This rule is not considered by the Department of Justice, Immigration and Naturalization Service, to be a “significant regulatory action” under Executive Order 12866, section 3(f), Regulatory Planning and Review, and the Office of Management and Budget has waived its review process under section 6(a)(3)(A).
Executive Order 13132
This rule will not have substantial direct effects on the States, on the relationship between the national government and the States, or on the distribution of power and responsibilities among the various levels of government. Therefore, in accordance with section 6 of Executive Order 13132, it is determined that this rule does not have sufficient federalism implications to warrant the preparation of a federalism summary impact statement.
Executive Order 12988 Civil Justice Reform
This rule meets the applicable standards provided in section 3(a) and 3(b)(2) of Executive Order 12988.