\ publaw \ Pub. L. 110-161 Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008
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Pub. L. 110-161
Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008
December 26, 2007
121 Stat. 1844
Making appropriations for the Department of State, foreign operations, and related programs for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2008, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled
This Act may be cited as the `Consolidated Appropriations Act, 2008'.
IMPROVEMENT OF BARRIERS AT BORDER
. (a) Section 102 of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1103 note) is amended--
(1) in subsection
(a), by striking `Attorney General, in consultation with the Commissioner of Immigration and Naturalization,' and inserting `Secretary of Homeland Security'; and
(2) in subsection (b)--
(A) in the subsection heading, by striking `in the Border Area' and inserting `Along the Border';
(B) in paragraph (1)--
(i) in the heading, by striking `SECURITY FEATURES' and inserting `ADDITIONAL FENCING ALONG SOUTHWEST BORDER'; and
(ii) by striking subparagraphs (A) through (C) and inserting the following:
`(A) REINFORCED FENCING- In carrying out subsection (a), the Secretary of Homeland Security shall construct reinforced fencing along not less than 700 miles of the southwest border where fencing would be most practical and effective and provide for the installation of additional physical barriers, roads, lighting, cameras, and sensors to gain operational control of the southwest border.
`(B) PRIORITY AREAS- In carrying out this section, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall--
`(i) identify the 370 miles, or other mileage determined by the Secretary, whose authority to determine other mileage shall expire on December 31, 2008, along the southwest border where fencing would be most practical and effective in deterring smugglers and aliens attempting to gain illegal entry into the United States; and
`(ii) not later than December 31, 2008, complete construction of reinforced fencing along the miles identified under clause (i).
`(i) IN GENERAL- In carrying out this section, the Secretary of Homeland Security shall consult with the Secretary of the Interior, the Secretary of Agriculture, States, local governments, Indian tribes, and property owners in the United States to minimize the impact on the environment, culture, commerce, and quality of life for the communities and residents located near the sites at which such fencing is to be constructed.
`(ii) SAVINGS PROVISION- Nothing in this subparagraph may be construed to--
`(I) create or negate any right of action for a State, local government, or other person or entity affected by this subsection; or
`(II) affect the eminent domain laws of the United States or of any State.
`(D) LIMITATION ON REQUIREMENTS- Notwithstanding subparagraph (A), nothing in this paragraph shall require the Secretary of Homeland Security to install fencing, physical barriers, roads, lighting, cameras, and sensors in a particular location along an international border of the United States, if the Secretary determines that the use or placement of such resources is not the most appropriate means to achieve and maintain operational control over the international border at such location.'; and
(C) in paragraph (4), by striking `to carry out this subsection not to exceed $12,000,000' and inserting `such sums as may be necessary to carry out this subsection'.
(b) No funds appropriated in this Act for U.S. Customs and Border Protection `Border Security Fencing, Infrastructure, and Technology' may be obligated unless the Secretary of Homeland Security has complied with section 102(b)(2)(C)(i) of the Illegal Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act of 1996 (8 U.S.C. 1103 note) as amended by subsection (a)(2).
INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED TRAVELER PROGRAM.
Section 7208(k)(3) of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004 (8 U.S.C. 1365b(k)(3)) is amended to read as follows:
`(3) INTERNATIONAL REGISTERED TRAVELER PROGRAM-
`(A) IN GENERAL- The Secretary of Homeland Security shall establish an international registered traveler program that incorporates available technologies, such as biometrics and e-passports, and security threat assessments to expedite the screening and processing of international travelers, including United States Citizens and residents, who enter and exit the United States. The program shall be coordinated with the United States Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology program, other pre-screening
initiatives, and the Visa Waiver Program.
`(B) FEES- The Secretary may impose a fee for the program established under subparagraph (A) and may modify such fee from time to time. The fee may not exceed the aggregate costs associated with the program and shall be credited to the Department of Homeland Security for purposes of carrying out the program. Amounts so credited shall remain available until expended.
`(C) RULEMAKING- Within 365 days after the date of enactment of this paragraph, the Secretary shall initiate a rulemaking to establish the program, criteria for participation, and the fee for the program.
`(D) IMPLEMENTATION- Not later than 2 years after the date of enactment of this paragraph, the Secretary shall establish a phased-implementation of a biometric-based international registered traveler program in conjunction with the United States Visitor and Immigrant Status Indicator Technology entry and exit system, other pre-screening initiatives, and the Visa Waiver Program at United States airports with the highest volume of international travelers.
`(E) PARTICIPATION- The Secretary shall ensure that the international registered traveler program includes as many participants as practicable by--
`(i) establishing a reasonable cost of enrollment;
`(ii) making program enrollment convenient and easily accessible; and
`(iii) providing applicants with clear and consistent eligibility guidelines.'.
(k) EXTENSION OF AUTHORITY- The Foreign Operations, Export Financing, and Related Programs Appropriations Act, 1990 (Public Law 101-167) is amended—
(1) in section 599D (8 U.S.C. 1157 note)--
(A) in subsection (b)(3), by striking `and 2007' and inserting `2007, and 2008'; and
(B) in subsection (e), by striking `2007' each place it appears and inserting `2008'; and
(2) in section 599E (8 U.S.C. 1255 note) in subsection (b)(2), by striking `2007' and inserting `2008'.
(a) AMENDMENT TO AUTHORITY TO DETERMINE THE BAR TO ADMISSION INAPPLICABLE- Section 212(d)(3)(B)(i) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(d)(3)(B)(i)) is amended to read as follows:
`The Secretary of State, after consultation with the Attorney General and the Secretary of Homeland Security, or the Secretary of Homeland Security, after consultation with the Secretary of State and the Attorney General, may determine in such Secretary's sole unreviewable discretion that subsection (a)(3)(B) shall not apply with respect to an alien within the scope of that subsection or that subsection (a)(3)(B)(vi)(III) shall not apply to a group within the scope of that subsection, except that no such wa
iver may be extended to an alien who is within the scope of subsection (a)(3)(B)(i)(II), no such waiver may be extended to an alien who is a member or representative of, has voluntarily and knowingly engaged in or endorsed or espoused or persuaded others to endorse or espouse or support terrorist activity on behalf of, or has voluntarily and knowingly received military-type training from a terrorist organization that is described in subclause (I) or (II) of subsection (a)(3)(B)(vi), and no such waiver may b
e extended to a group that has engaged terrorist activity against the United States or another democratic country or that has purposefully engaged in a pattern or practice of terrorist activity that is directed at civilians. Such a determination shall neither prejudice the ability of the United States Government to commence criminal or civil proceedings involving a beneficiary of such a determination or any other person, nor create any substantive or procedural right or benefit for a beneficiary of such a d
etermination or any other person. Notwithstanding any other provision of law (statutory or nonstatutory), including section 2241 of title 28, or any other habeas corpus provision, and sections 1361 and 1651 of such title, no court shall have jurisdiction to review such a determination or revocation except in a proceeding for review of a final order of removal pursuant to section 1252 of this title, and review shall be limited to the extent provided in section 1252(a)(2)(D). The Secretary of State may not ex
ercise the discretion provided in this clause with respect to an alien at any time during which the alien is the subject of pending removal proceedings under section 1229a of this title.'.
(b) AUTOMATIC RELIEF FOR THE HMONG AND OTHER GROUPS THAT DO NOT POSE A THREAT TO THE UNITED STATES- For purposes of section 212(a)(3)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(3)(B)), the Karen National Union/Karen Liberation Army (KNU/KNLA), the Chin National Front/Chin National Army (CNF/CNA), the Chin National League for Democracy (CNLD), the Kayan New Land Party (KNLP), the Arakan Liberation Party (ALP), the Mustangs, the Alzados, the Karenni National Progressive Party, and appropriate
groups affiliated with the Hmong and the Montagnards shall not be considered to be a terrorist organization on the basis of any act or event occurring before the date of enactment of this section. Nothing in this subsection may be construed to alter or limit the authority of the Secretary of State or the Secretary of Homeland Security to exercise his discretionary authority pursuant to section 212(d)(3)(B)(i) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(d)(3)(B)(i)).
(c) TECHNICAL CORRECTION- Section 212(a)(3)(B)(ii) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(3)(B)(ii)) is amended by striking `Subclause (VII)' and inserting `Subclause (IX)'.
(d) DESIGNATION OF THE TALIBAN AS A TERRORIST ORGANIZATION- For purposes of section 212(a)(3)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(3)(B)), the Taliban shall be considered to be a terrorist organization described in subclause (I) of clause (vi) of that section.
(e) REPORT ON DURESS WAIVERS- The Secretary of Homeland Security shall provide to the Committees on the Judiciary of the United States Senate and House of Representatives a report, not less than 180 days after the enactment of this Act and every year thereafter, which may include a classified annex, if appropriate, describing--
(1) the number of individuals subject to removal from the United States for having provided material support to a terrorist group who allege that such support was provided under duress;
(2) a breakdown of the types of terrorist organizations to which the individuals described in paragraph (1) have provided material support;
(3) a description of the factors that the Department of Homeland Security considers when evaluating duress waivers; and
(4) any other information that the Secretary believes that the Congress should consider while overseeing the Department's application of duress waivers.
(f) EFFECTIVE DATE- The amendments made by this section shall take effect on the date of enactment of this section, and these amendments and sections 212(a)(3)(B) and 212(d)(3)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (8 U.S.C. 1182(a)(3)(B) and 1182(d)(3)(B)), as amended by these sections, shall apply to--
(1) removal proceedings instituted before, on, or after the date of enactment of this section; and
(2) acts and conditions constituting a ground for inadmissibility, excludability, deportation, or removal occurring or existing before, on, or after such date.
. Section 1059(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2006 (8 U.S.C. 1101 note) is amended by adding at the end the following:
`(3) CARRY FORWARD- If the numerical limitation described in paragraph (1) is not reached during a given fiscal year, the numerical limitation for the following fiscal year shall be increased by a number equal to the difference between the number of visas authorized for the given fiscal year and the number of aliens provided special immigrant status during the given fiscal year.'.
SEC. 1502. REPEAL AND MODIFICATION OF CERTAIN REPORTING REQUIREMENTS.
(d) Haitian Refugee Immigration- Section 902(k) of the Haitian Refugee Immigration Fairness Act of 1998 (8 U.S.C. 1255 note; Public Law 105-277) is repealed.