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List of Acronyms

APSS: Asylum Pre-Screening System

BIA: Board of Immigration Appeals

BSO: Border Services Officer

CBP: Customs and Border Protection

CBSA: Canada Border Services Agency

CCR: Canadian Council for Refugees

CIC: Citizenship and Immigration Canada

DDFM: Detention and Deportation Officers’ Field Manual

DHS: Department of Homeland Security

DOJ: Department of Justice

DRO: Detention and Removal Operations

EOIR: Executive Office for Immigration Review

FOSS: Field Operations Support System

GBA: Gender-based analysis

HQASM: Headquarters Asylum Division

ICE: Immigration and Customs Enforcement

INA: Immigration and Nationality Act

IRB: Immigration and Refugee Board

IRPA: Immigration and Refugee Protection Act

IRPR: Immigration and Refugee Protection Regulations

NGO: Non-governmental organization

OCIJ: Office of the Chief Immigration Judge

OPPM: Operating Policies and Procedures Memorandum

PCS: Public Communications Services

POE: Port of entry

SAO: Supervisory Asylum Officer

TRP: Temporary resident permit

TSI: Threshold Screening Interview

TSR: Temporary suspension of removal

UNHCR: United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees

USCIS: U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services

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