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Study for the Test

Before your naturalization interview, be sure to study for the English and civics test by using our free resources to help you prepare.

Test Overview

The English portion of the naturalization test has three components: speaking, reading, and writing.

  • Your ability to speak English will be determined by a USCIS officer during your eligibility interview on Form N-400, Application for Naturalization.
  • For the reading test, you must read one out of three sentences correctly.
  • For the writing test, you must write one out of the three sentences correctly.

During the civics portion of the naturalization test, you will be asked up to 10 questions out of a possible 100 questions.

  • You must answer correctly six of the 10 questions to pass the civics test in English.

*If you are 65 years old or older and have been a lawful permanent resident (LPR) of the United States for 20 or more years, you may study just the questions that have been marked with an asterisk.

Note: On the naturalization test, some answers may change because of elections or appointments. For the answers to these specific questions, please visit the Civics Test Updates page. 

Exemptions and Accommodations

Certain applicants, because of their age and time as an LPR, are exempt from the English requirements for naturalization and may take the civics test in the language of their choice. For more information, see exceptions and accommodations or the USCIS Policy Manual Citizenship and Naturalization Guidance.

Search below for civics flash cards, interactive practice tests, study booklets, videos and more.

You may purchase USCIS products and publications from the U.S. Government Bookstore.

If an applicant is age 65 or older and has been a lawful permanent resident for at least 20 years at the time of filing for naturalization, he or she should study this list of questions and answers available in large print.
If an applicant is age 65 or older and has been a lawful permanent resident for at least 20 years at the time of filing for naturalization, he or she should study this list of questions and answers available in text-only. This text-only version can be used with screen enlargers, refreshable Braille displays, and most other accessibility products.
 أسئلة التربية المدنية للمتمتعين بالإعفاء 20/65 
65/20 면제에 해당되는 공민/역사 시험 문제
Educación Cívica: Preguntas para la Exención 65/20
Mga Tanong Pangmamamayan para sa 65/20 Exemption
Các câu Hỏi của Công Dân về Miễn Trừ 65/20
Easy-to-use downloadable flash cards containing each of the 100 civics (history and government) questions and answers on the naturalization test.
Printer-friendly version of the Civics Flash Cards with cut-out instructions.