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The 2020 Version of the Civics Test

Important Updates to the Naturalization Test and New Study Materials for the 2020 Version of the Civics Test 

USCIS has revised the civics portion of the naturalization test. Read below for more information and to find study materials with the new 128 questions and answers from the 2020 version of the civics test. 

Applicants for naturalization who are required to take the 2020 version of the civics test will need to study 128 questions about American government and history. USCIS will administer the 2020 version of the civics test and 2008 version of the civics test at the same time for a certain time period. You will take one version or the other, depending on when you filed your Form N-400, Application for Naturalization

The naturalization civics test has two components: an English and civics test. The English portion has not changed.

Which civics test will I take?

Applicable Civics Test for Naturalization
Naturalization Application Filing Date Applicable Test at Initial Exam, Re-exam, or N-336
Before Dec. 1, 2020 2008 version of the civics test
On or after Dec. 1, 2020 2020 version of the civics test

What should I expect at my naturalization interview if I am taking the 2020 version of the civics test?
With the 2020 version of the civics test, the USCIS officer will ask you to answer 20 out of the 128 civics test questions. You must answer at least 12 questions correctly to pass the 2020 version of the civics test. All questions on the test are asked orally.

There are no changes to the English portion of the naturalization civics test. You must demonstrate an understanding of the English language, including the ability to read, write, and speak basic English.

  • Speaking: A USCIS officer will determine your ability to speak and understand English during your eligibility interview on Form N-400, Application for Naturalization.  
  • Reading: You must read out loud one out of three sentences correctly to demonstrate an ability to read in English. 
  • Writing: You must write one out of three sentences correctly to demonstrate an ability to write in English. 

See also the USCIS Policy Manual Volume 12, Part E, English and Civics Testing and Exceptions, Chapter 2, English and Civics Testing.

What if I fail the naturalization civics test?
Applicants are given two opportunities to pass the naturalization civics test. If you fail any part of the civics test at your first interview, you will be retested, only on the portion of the test that you failed, between 60 and 90 days from the date of your initial interview. 

Note: If you fail the 2020 version of the civics test at your initial interview appointment, you will take the 2020 version of the civics test again at your second appointment. If you fail the 2008 version of the civics test at your initial appointment, you will take the 2008 version of the civics test again at your second appointment. 

What if I qualify for the 65/20 Special Consideration?
Certain applicants, because of age and time as a lawful permanent resident, are exempt from the English requirements for naturalization and may take the civics test in the language of their choice. Further, the 65/20 applicants are given special consideration and only have to study 20 designated test questions. For more information about the 65/20 special consideration and other exceptions, see our Exceptions and Accommodations page.

  • If you qualify for the 65/20 special consideration and are required to take the 2020 version of the civics test based on your application filing or receipt date on or after Dec. 1, 2020, you will only need to study the civics questions that are marked with an asterisk found at the end of each question. From the list of 128 civics test questions, there are 20 questions that you will need to study under this special consideration. 
  • To pass the 2020 version of the civics test as someone who qualifies for the 65/20 special consideration, the USCIS officer will ask you to answer 10 out of the 20 civics test questions. You must answer at least 6 out of 10 correctly to pass the 2020 version of the civics test.

How can I prepare for the 2020 version of the civics test?
To help you prepare for the 2020 version of the civics test, you can find study materials that are available below.

  • Please note, on the civics test, some answers may change because of elections or appointments. Visit the Civics Test Updates page to find the answers that may have changed on the civics test. You must answer the question with the name of the official serving at the time of your naturalization interview. 
  • Although USCIS is aware there may be additional correct answers to the civics questions, applicants are encouraged to respond to the questions using the answers provided in the study materials.

*Additional study materials for the 2020 version of the civics test will be added to this page. 

Civics Questions and Answers 
Civics Flash Cards

These easy-to-use flash cards of the 128 civics questions and answers can be used by individuals for self-study or adult educators and students in the classroom to prepare for the 2020 version of the civics test.

English Language Study Materials

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