Citizenship Through Parents
Congress has enacted laws that determine how U.S. citizen parents convey citizenship to children born outside of the United States. Generally, you may obtain citizenship through your U.S. citizen parents when you are born, or after your birth but before you turn 18.
Whether you become a U.S. citizen at birth or after birth depends on a number of factors, including:
- Your date of birth;
- The citizenship and marital status of your parents;
- Your parents’ physical presence and residence in the United States before your child’s birth
- Whether you were born in or out of wedlock;
- Whether you were legitimated by the parent under the applicable laws; and
- Whether you were legally adopted.
For more information, please see our Citizenship Through Parents page.
How to File
You may apply online or by paper.
Create a USCIS online account to file online and:
- Submit evidence and pay fees electronically;
- Receive case status updates about your case and see complete case history;
- Communicate with us securely and directly; and
- Respond to requests for evidence.
If you already have a USCIS online account, simply sign into your account to get started.
File by Paper
- Read the instructions for Form N-600, Application for Certificate of Citizenship;
- Complete and sign your Form N-600;
- Pay the filing fee, if applicable;
- Provide all required evidence and supporting documentation.
After You File
Once we receive your Form N-600, you will receive a:
- Receipt notice confirming we received your application;
- Biometric services notice, if applicable;
- Notice to appear for an interview, if required; and
- Notice of our decision.