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Hague Adoption Convention Process

Man holding young girl and she is pointing into the distance.

United States immigration law provides three different processes for immigrating based on an adoption. An individual may immigrate under one of these provisions only if their adoption meets all the requirements of that specific process. Two of these processes apply only to children adopted by U.S. citizens. The child may immigrate immediately after the adoption or may immigrate to the U.S. to be adopted under either the:

Another process, the family-based adoption petition process, may apply to certain U.S. citizens or lawful permanent residents if the child was adopted before age 16 (or age 18 if an exception applies), and has been in the legal custody of and lived with (jointly resided with) the adoptive parent for at least two years.

For more information, go to our Adoption page.

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