Information for Afghan Nationals on Requests to USCIS for Humanitarian Parole
If you are outside of the United States, you may request humanitarian parole into the United States based on urgent humanitarian or significant public benefit reasons for a temporary period. USCIS authorizes humanitarian parole on a case-by-case basis and specifies the duration of the parole. While humanitarian parole allows for lawful presence in the United States, it does not confer immigration status and does not provide a path to lawful permanent residence or another lawful immigration status. If you receive humanitarian parole, you will remain an applicant for admission and may be able to apply for lawful status in the United States, if you are otherwise eligible.
If you are in Afghanistan, you may file a request for humanitarian parole, or someone may file one for you. However, because the U.S. Embassy in Kabul is closed and all normal consular services in Afghanistan have been suspended, you may need to travel to a third country for processing before we approve humanitarian parole. If we determine that you may be eligible for humanitarian parole, we will issue a notice informing you that you must travel to a U.S. embassy or consulate outside of Afghanistan before we can fully process your humanitarian parole request.
The additional processing will include getting your fingerprints taken and additional vetting. We may also require you to undergo medical screening at your own cost by a panel physician before we can approve the humanitarian parole request. While we try to process all urgent requests for humanitarian parole quickly, the processing may take several months. If you go to a third country for further processing as a potential humanitarian parole beneficiary, you should be prepared to remain there for several months.
USCIS may exercise discretion to authorize humanitarian parole on a case-by-case basis for individuals with urgent humanitarian or significant public benefit reasons to come to the United States for a temporary period.
How to Apply:
Anyone may request humanitarian parole for themselves, or on behalf of another individual, by filing a Form I-131, Application for Travel Document. Please check the “Humanitarian Parole” section of our Filing Addresses for Form I-131 webpage for information on where to mail your application. The Form I-131 must include the applicable filing fee or fee waiver request (using Form I-912, Request for Fee Waiver, or a written request). See the USCIS webpage on Additional Information on Filing a Fee Waiver. Each family member must complete a separate Form I-131. However, you may submit them together in one envelope if desired.
If you are requesting a fee waiver, you may file one Form I-912 or written fee waiver request for all family-related applications filed at the same time. Each individual requesting a fee waiver must sign the Form I-912 or the written fee waiver request. If you are unable to provide documents demonstrating your inability to pay the filing fee, you must provide a detailed explanation. USCIS may grant your request for fee waiver in the absence of supporting documents so long as you provide this detailed explanation and you are otherwise eligible for a fee waiver.
You must include a Form I-134, Affidavit of Support, and supporting documentation with each humanitarian parole request. This form serves as evidence of a sponsor who has agreed to provide financial support to the parolee while paroled in the United States. There may be multiple sponsors, the beneficiary may self-sponsor, or an organization may support the parolee by submitting a Form I-134. Where an organization is the sponsor, a letter from the organization committing to support the beneficiary may be included with the humanitarian parole application if an employee of an organization cannot complete the Form I-134. Information regarding support during the humanitarian parole period should include any special needs of the beneficiary. See the Humanitarian or Significant Public Benefit Parole for Individuals Outside the United States webpage (“The Need for a Sponsor” section).
It is essential that the beneficiary’s best contact information (email address, phone number, and physical address) is included in the parole application, either on the Form I-131’s applicable section or on a supplemental document, and that USCIS is notified of any changes to that contact information. Once the beneficiary is able to make private arrangements to travel to a third country where there is a U.S. embassy or consulate, the beneficiary must notify USCIS immediately at HumanitarianParole@uscis.dhs.gov.
Anyone seeking humanitarian parole is encouraged to read the Guidance on Evidence for Certain Types of Humanitarian or Significant Public Benefit Parole Requests. It is important to carefully review the type of evidence that may be necessary to support a request for humanitarian parole. Submitting all required documentation and evidence in the beginning allows USCIS to process your application more quickly and efficiently. For further information on eligibility for humanitarian parole and instructions for filing, please visit USCIS’s Humanitarian or Significant Public Benefit Parole for Individuals Outside the United States webpage.
After Arrival in the United States:
Humanitarian parole is not a lawful immigration status and does not provide a path to lawful immigration status. After arrival in the United States, you must take additional steps in advance of the expiration of your parole to ensure you remain legally present after your authorized period of humanitarian parole in the United States has ended. Failure to maintain lawful presence throughout your entire stay in the U.S. can have serious immigration consequences.
- Re-parole. You may request re-parole (an additional time period of humanitarian parole) by filing a new Form I-131, with requisite fees (or fee waiver request using Form I-912, Request for Fee Waiver or a written request), a new Form I-134, and updated supporting evidence to demonstrate the need for re-parole at least 90 days before the humanitarian parole expiration date.
- Work Authorization. You may request employment authorization under category (c)(11) after being paroled into the United States by filing Form I-765, Application for Employment Authorization.
- Green Card. If you are the beneficiary of an approved Form I-130, Petition for Alien Relative, you may file Form I-485, Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status, to apply to adjust your status to lawful permanent resident and obtain a Green Card.
- Follow-to-Join Relatives. If you are the beneficiary of an approved Form I-730, Refugee/Asylee Relative Petition (PDF, 210.56 KB), you may have obtained immigration status as an asylee or refugee when you entered the United States. You should call the USCIS Contact Center to request an appointment with the USCIS Field Office with jurisdiction over your residence to confirm your immigration status.
- Asylum. If you believe you have suffered persecution or fear you will suffer persecution due to your race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion, you may file Form I-589, Application for Asylum and Withholding of Removal. Visit uscis.gov/asylum for more information.
Additional Information on Refugee Processing and Special Immigrant Visas:
Afghan nationals who have been persecuted or fear persecution on account of race, religion, nationality, membership in particular social group, or political opinion may be eligible for resettlement in the United States or another country and are advised to reach out to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees for potential referral for resettlement.
For further information on access to the U.S. Refugee Admissions Program (USRAP), please visit the Department of State Refugee Admissions website. The Department of State recently announced a new USRAP Priority 2 designation for certain Afghan nationals who have worked with the U.S. government, on U.S. government-funded programs or projects, or for U.S.-based non-governmental organizations and media organizations.
The U.S. government is committed to expeditiously processing visa applications for Afghan nationals who may be eligible for a Special Immigrant Visa (SIV). For more information on eligibility for an SIV please refer to the Department of State webpage Special Immigrant Visas for Afghans – Who Were Employed by/on Behalf of the U.S. Government.