Frequently Asked Questions About Uniting for Ukraine
- Is Uniting for Ukraine limited to the first 100,000 applications?
No. There are no numerical limits on requests for travel authorization under Uniting for Ukraine or parole. The U.S. Government is committed to providing Ukrainians displaced as a result of Russia’s invasion a full range of legal pathways, including humanitarian parole, immigrant and nonimmigrant visas, and the U.S. Refugee Admissions Program, in accordance with U.S. laws.
- Is Uniting for Ukraine limited to only Ukrainian citizens?
Uniting for Ukraine is available to eligible Ukrainian citizens and their non-Ukrainian immediate family members with a valid passport. Non-Ukrainian immediate family members must be traveling to the United States with the Ukrainian citizen. For purposes of Uniting for Ukraine, immediate family members include:
- The spouse or common-law partner of a Ukrainian citizen; and
- The unmarried children under the age of 21 of a Ukrainian citizen.
NOTE: If a child is under 18, they must travel with a parent or legal guardian in order to be eligible to seek parole under the Uniting for Ukraine process.
- Is Uniting for Ukraine available to Ukrainian citizens or nationals who are currently in the United States?
No. Ukrainian citizens who are present in the United States will not be considered for parole. However, Ukrainian citizens who have continuously resided in the United States since April 11, 2022, and who have been continuously physically present in the United States since April 19, 2022, may be eligible for Temporary Protected Status (TPS). For more information about TPS, visit our Temporary Protected Status for Ukraine page. Individuals who are physically present in the United States may be eligible to file for asylum. Each request for asylum is considered on a case-by-case basis according to the particular circumstances of the applicant. Visit uscis.gov/asylum for more information.
- What is the length of parole for Ukrainians entering the United States at a port of entry after traveling under Uniting for Ukraine?
Generally, Ukrainians and their immediate family members granted parole will be paroled into the United States for a period of up to two years. Once paroled, individuals will be eligible to apply for discretionary employment authorization.
- Will a Ukrainian citizen whose request for travel under Uniting for Ukraine was denied overseas have this counted against them if they later come to the United States and apply for asylum?
Anyone who is physically present in the United States or presents at a port of entry may file for asylum. Each request for asylum is considered on a case-by-case basis according to the particular circumstances of the applicant. The Uniting for Ukraine process involves different eligibility criteria than asylum eligibility and does not, on its own, impact an individual’s eligibility for asylum. It is possible, however, that USCIS may consider the reasons for denial of a travel authorization under Uniting for Ukraine as part of its assessment of an individual’s eligibility for asylum. Visit uscis.gov/asylum for more information.
Ukrainian nationals who present themselves for inspection at a land port of entry along the Southwest border without a valid visa or without pre-authorization to travel to the United States through Uniting for Ukraine may be denied entry and referred to apply through this process.
- Please explain what ‘legal guardian’ means.
A legal guardian is an individual who:
- Has been granted legal custody of an individual or minor, by a court of law or competent jurisdiction, or by the State or recognized governmental entity; and
- Can lawfully exercise and assume legal obligations on an individual’s or minor’s behalf.
- Can you provide more information about the fees associated with Uniting for Ukraine?
There is no fee for a supporter to file Form I-134, Declaration of Financial Support, and no fee for the beneficiary to request travel authorization. However, the beneficiary must pay for any pre-travel vaccinations required. Additionally, if the beneficiary’s travel authorization request is approved, the beneficiary will need to arrange and fund their own travel to the United States and pay any applicable fees for any required medical screenings and vaccinations after arrival in the U.S. After being paroled into the United States, the beneficiary is eligible to apply for employment authorization with USCIS by submitting Form I-765, Application for Employment Authorization, using the (c)(11) category code with the required fee or applying for a fee waiver.
- Do supporters have to be U.S. citizens?
No, however, they must be based in the United States. Supporters must hold lawful status in the United States or be a parolee or recipient of deferred action or Deferred Enforced Departure (DED) as of the date of filing the Form I-134. Individuals who may serve as supporters include:
- U.S. citizens and nationals;
- Lawful permanent residents, lawful temporary residents, and conditional permanent residents;
- Nonimmigrants in lawful status (that is, individuals who have maintained their nonimmigrant status and have not violated any of the terms or conditions of such status);
- Asylees, refugees, and parolees;
- Temporary Protected Status holders; and
- Recipients of deferred action (including DACA) or DED.
- Can a non-governmental organization (NGO) file a Form I-134 as a supporter?
NGOs may not serve as the named supporter on a Form I-134. However, if an organization or other entity is providing financial or other services to the beneficiary for the purpose of facilitating support, this information should be provided as part of the evidence submitted by the supporter with the Form I-134. USCIS will consider this information when determining the supporter’s ability to support the named beneficiary.
- Does USCIS conduct background vetting on supporters?
Yes. In addition to determining a potential supporter’s financial ability to support their beneficiary during the duration of the parole period, USCIS is also conducting security and background vetting on supporters, including serious public safety or national security concerns or red flags for exploitation or human trafficking risks.
- Does the supporter have to state that they will provide general support, or do they have to provide specific information about their support and contributions?
Supporters must provide evidence that they have sufficient income when they file Form I-134, or financial resources and immediate access to such resources and funds, to support the beneficiary listed on Form I-134 for the duration of the beneficiary’s anticipated period of parole.
Supporters may provide evidence including, but not limited to:
- Statement from the officer of a U.S. bank or other financial institution;
- Letter of employment; and
- Copy of U.S. federal tax returns.
Multiple supporters may join together to support a beneficiary. In this case, a supporter should file a Form I-134 and include with the filing:
- Supplementary evidence demonstrating the identity of, and the resources to be provided by, the additional supporters who will provide support to the beneficiary, and
- A statement explaining the intent of the additional supporters to share financial responsibility to support the beneficiary. USCIS will assess the supporters’ ability to support the beneficiary collectively.
The Form I-134 requires a named individual to sign the form; organizations may not serve as the named supporter on a Form I-134. However, if an organization or other entity is providing financial or other services to the beneficiary for the purpose of facilitating support, this information should be provided as part of the evidence submitted with the Form I-134 and USCIS will consider it when determining the supporter’s ability to support the named beneficiary.
- Does USCIS consider the beneficiary’s income and financial resources in determining the sufficiency of the supporter’s Form I-134?
No. In determining the sufficiency of the Form I-134, USCIS will not consider information pertaining to the beneficiary’s income or financial resources.
- Is a bank officer’s statement required or will monthly bank statements be sufficient?
Every supporter’s circumstances will be different. USCIS will review information provided by the supporter on Form I-134 about all assets and financial resources to demonstrate the supporter’s ability to support the beneficiary.
- How much money should a supporter have to ensure they are able to financially support a beneficiary?
Every potential supporters’ circumstances will be different. USCIS will review financial information provided by the supporter on Form I-134 about all assets and resources. USCIS uses the Federal poverty guidelines as outlined by the Department of Health and Human Services as a general guide in determining the supporter’s ability to support the beneficiary for the duration of the beneficiary’s anticipated period of parole. When using the Federal poverty guidelines, USCIS will consider a supporter’s household size to include any beneficiaries on the supporter’s Form I-134, even if they do not intend to live with the supporter.
- What types of support should supporters expect to provide to any beneficiary they agree to support?
Supporters commit to providing financial support and other resources to the beneficiary for the duration of the parole period. Before committing to be a supporter, supporters should keep the following types of support in mind when deciding whether to support a beneficiary. Support for beneficiaries includes:
- Receiving the beneficiary upon arrival in the United States and transporting them to initial housing;
- Ensuring that the beneficiary has safe and appropriate housing for the duration of their parole, as well as initial basic necessities;
- As appropriate, helping the beneficiary complete necessary paperwork such as for employment authorization, a Social Security card, and other services for which they may be eligible;
- Ensuring that the beneficiary’s health care and medical needs are met for the duration of the parole; and
- As appropriate, assisting the beneficiary with accessing education, learning English, securing employment, and enrolling children in school.
- Is there any mandatory training or orientation required of the supporter to make sure that the supporter is aware that they are agreeing to support the beneficiary listed on Form I-134 for the duration of the beneficiary’s stay in the United States?
No. There is no mandatory training required by the government. However, the Department of State has collaborated with Welcome.us to ensure that both newcomers and receiving communities have helpful information to support beneficiaries once they are paroled into the United States under Uniting for Ukraine.
- Will there be a way to match supporters who do not personally know a Ukrainian with displaced Ukrainians who do not personally have someone to support them?
The U.S. government will not match potential supporters with beneficiaries. The Department of State has collaborated with Welcome.us to provide information to potential beneficiaries and supporters about Uniting for Ukraine. Please check Welcome.us for updates on their efforts to support Uniting for Ukraine.
- Will a beneficiary be eligible for Uniting for Ukraine if the beneficiary is Ukrainian and has a valid U.S. visitor visa but is currently outside the United States for work?
A Ukrainian citizen outside the United States who still has a valid, unexpired U.S. visitor visa may still seek parole into the United States if USCIS has confirmed the sufficiency of the Form I-134 filed on their behalf, and if they meet other requirements. Being paroled into the United States does not automatically terminate the validity of your U.S. nonimmigrant visa.
- Are Ukrainian children seeking to come to the United States without their parent or legal guardian eligible for Uniting for Ukraine?
Children under the age of 18 who are traveling without their parent or legal guardian are not eligible for Uniting for Ukraine. Children who are not traveling with a parent or legal guardian but are coming to the United States to meet a parent or legal guardian may instead seek parole through the standard Form I-131, Application for Travel Document, process.
- Will beneficiaries who have been paroled into the United States after traveling under Uniting for Ukraine be able to obtain an Advance Parole Document?
Yes. If a beneficiary who has been paroled into the United States wants to obtain an Advance Parole Document, which will permit them to appear at a port of entry to seek parole into the United States when they return from a trip abroad, they should file a Form I-131, Application for Travel Document. For more information about Advance Parole Documents, including about fees and fee waivers, visit Form I-131, Application for Travel Document.
Please note that issuance of an Advance Parole Document does not guarantee that the individual will be paroled into the United States. A separate discretionary decision on a request for parole will be made by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) when they arrive at the port of entry.
- Are beneficiaries vetted prior to obtaining travel documentation?
All Uniting for Ukraine beneficiaries are subject to biographic and biometric security checks conducted by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) before they are granted travel authorization or can be paroled into the United States.
- How long will it take between the time a supporter submits Form I-134 and when a beneficiary is granted travel authorization under Uniting for Ukraine?
USCIS’ goal is to review and provide responses to the supporter’s Form I-134 as efficiently as possible. Once the Form I-134 review is complete and the Form I-134 is confirmed, USCIS will contact and invite the beneficiary to set up a USCIS online account to verify their biographic information, attest to their vaccination status and, if applicable, attest to the relationships between family members traveling together. This will also allow USCIS and CBP to communicate with the beneficiary through their account. Once the beneficiary has verified their information, USCIS will submit the beneficiary’s biographic information to CBP for review and processing for travel authorization. CBP will then send the travel authorization determination back to USCIS to be posted to the beneficiary’s USCIS account. It is up to the beneficiary to make appropriate travel arrangements and decide the timing of their departure for the United States. The CBP travel authorization remains valid for 90 days.
- Can a Form G-28, Notice of Entry of Appearance as Attorney or Accredited Representative, be filed online with Form I-134 or will this be an anticipated add on to the process?
No. There is no option at this time to submit a Form G-28 with the online filing of a Form I-134 or for an attorney or legal representative to use an online representative account to file a Form I-134 on behalf of a supporter or submit travel authorization information on behalf of a beneficiary after confirmation of the Form I-134.
The Uniting for Ukraine process is a newly developed electronic process. Our priority focus is ensuring that U.S.-based supporters and beneficiaries can access and use the USCIS online account.
- Supporters have not been able to select ‘self’ in the dropdown menu. Is there a glitch in the system?
The “self” option has been disabled for the online filing of Form I-134, as there is no option for an individual to represent that they are financially capable of supporting themselves or to submit a Form I-134 as a supporter on their own behalf for the purposes of Uniting for Ukraine. While beneficiaries for benefits other than Uniting for Ukraine may file a Form I-134 on their own behalf, this is not available under Uniting for Ukraine, which requires a U.S.-based individual (not the beneficiary) to act as a supporter and file the Form I-134 on behalf of a beneficiary.
- Will vaccination records and other medical documentation need to be submitted to USCIS once in the United States?
Beneficiaries must complete the required vaccination attestations but will not need to upload documentation.
- Do they have to use civil surgeons or any doctor?
Beneficiaries may receive the required vaccinations from any licensed physician or public health department. The medical screening for tuberculosis, including an Interferon-Gamma Release Assays (IGRA) test, may be conducted by a qualified laboratory or State public health department.
- Is employment authorization automatic once parole is approved?
No. After the beneficiary is paroled into the United States they are eligible to apply for discretionary employment authorization from USCIS. To apply for discretionary employment authorization, the beneficiary must submit Form I-765, Application for Employment Authorization, using the (c)(11) category code with the required fee. Beneficiaries may apply for a fee waiver by filing Form I-912, Request for Fee Waiver, which is granted on a case-by-case basis.
- Will those paroled be allowed to work prior to the approval of their Form I-765, Application for Employment Authorization?
No. After the beneficiary is paroled into the United States, they must apply and receive approval for discretionary employment authorization from USCIS before they can begin work. To apply for discretionary employment authorization, the beneficiary must submit Form I-765, Application for Employment Authorization, using the (c)(11) category code with the required fee. Beneficiaries may apply for a fee waiver on a case-by-case basis by filing Form I-912.
- How long will it be until the person receives work authorization from the time the application is filed?
Generally, USCIS processes Form I-765, Application for Employment Authorization, in the order in which they are received. For more information on processing times, visit our Check Case Processing Times page.