I-589, Application for Asylum and for Withholding of Removal
Use this form to apply for asylum in the United States and for withholding of removal (formerly called “withholding of deportation”). You may file for asylum if you are physically in the United States and you are not a U.S. citizen.
What This Form Can Help You Do
08/25/20. You can find the edition date at the bottom of the page on the form and instructions.
Dates are listed in mm/dd/yy format.
If you are currently in immigration court: You must file your Form I-589 with the immigration court that has jurisdiction over your case.
If you previously filed your Form I-589 with a local asylum office: You must now file your Form I-589 with the Asylum Vetting Center in Atlanta, Georgia. See the Special Instructions section for more information.
If you live in:
Then file your application with the:
California Service Center
Nebraska Service Center
Vermont Service Center
Filing Tips: Go to our Form Filing Tips page for information on how to help ensure we will accept your application.
We will reject any Form I-589 that is missing the explanation of why you are applying for asylum or that is missing any addendums that you reference in your application.
Don’t forget to sign your form. We will reject any unsigned form.
Biometrics services may be required at no cost to you.
Instructions on filing Form I-589s previously filed with a local asylum office.
Beginning Nov. 2, 2020, asylum offices will no longer accept the filing of Form I-589, Application for Asylum and for Withholding of Removal. Form I-589s that previously were filed directly with a local asylum office must be filed with the Asylum Vetting Center in Atlanta, Georgia. This is a first step toward shifting all intake to the Asylum Vetting Center.
When you file your Form I-589, you must include a letter explaining why you are filing with the Asylum Vetting Center and identifying which category below applies to your Form I-589. If your Form I-589 does not fit one of the categories listed below, we will reject it, with instructions to file with the appropriate service center.
The following Form I-589s must be filed with the Asylum Vetting Center:
- Loss of Derivative Status After Asylum Approval but Before Adjustment of Status (Nunc Pro Tunc): If you are currently a derivative asylee, but you are unable to adjust status to lawful permanent resident due to a loss of derivative relationship, then you may submit a new Form I-589 and request a grant of asylum nunc pro tunc. In your letter, please provide information about your previous Form I-589 and explain that you are now filing independently as a principal applicant.
- Loss of Derivative Status After Initial Filing but Before Final Decision: If you withdrew from a principal’s Form I-589 as a dependent, or if you lost derivative status by marriage, divorce, or death of the principal applicant, then you may submit a Form I-589 as a principal applicant. In your letter, please provide information about your previous Form I-589 and explain that you are now filing independently as a principal applicant.
- Simultaneous Filing as a Principal Applicant and a Derivative Applicant: If you are already listed as a derivative applicant on another pending Form I-589, you may file a Form I-589 as a principal applicant. In your letter, please provide information about any previous Form I-589s and explain that you are now filing independently as a principal applicant.
- Previously Issued a Final Action by USCIS on a Form I-589: If you previously received a denial of your Form I-589 or a notice dismissing your Form I-589 with USCIS, or you previously withdrew your Form I-589 with USCIS, and we did not place you in immigration court proceedings, then you may be eligible to file a new Form I-589 with USCIS.
- Previously in Immigration Court Proceedings: If you have reason to believe that USCIS has jurisdiction over your Form I-589 and you were previously in immigration court proceedings, then you may submit a Form I-589.
- Asylum Office Director or Asylum Division Chief’s Consent: If none of these categories apply to your Form I-589, you must receive explicit consent, in writing, from the local asylum office director with jurisdiction over your case or from the Asylum Division chief before submitting Form I-589 to the Asylum Vetting Center. The Asylum Vetting Center will not accept your Form I-589 submission if you do not include written documentation of this consent.
If you are filing a Form I-589, Application for Asylum and for Withholding of Removal, in one of the categories listed above with USCIS, you must mail your Form I-589 to:
USCIS Asylum Vetting Center
P.O. Box 57100
Atlanta, GA 30308-0506