I-589, Application for Asylum and for Withholding of Removal

ALERT: USCIS will not automatically reject your form if you leave a space blank. However, we may reject your form or your case might take more time if you leave required spaces blank, if you do not respond to questions related to filing requirements, or if you omit any required initial evidence, as indicated in the form instructions or regulations.

Following the settlement agreement in Vangala v. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, No. 4:20-cv-08143 (N.D. Cal.), if we rejected your Form I-589 due to the “No Blank Space” rejection policy in effect between Oct. 7, 2019, and Dec. 22, 2020, you may request on or before July 20, 2022, a receipt with the original attempted filing date for your resubmitted Form I-589. See the Special Instructions tab below for additional information.

ALERT: Following the settlement agreement in Mendez Rojas et al. v. Wolf et al., 2:16-cv-01024-RSM (W.D. Wash. Nov. 4, 2020), USCIS and the Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) have implemented a Uniform Procedural Mechanism (UPM) for the filing and processing of Form I-589, Application for Asylum and for Withholding of Removal. Under the UPM, we will send your Form I-589 to EOIR if you previously received a Form I-862, Notice to Appear (NTA), that was not filed and docketed with EOIR or that was filed and docketed with EOIR ;either shortly before (within 21 days) or after you filed your Form I-589 with us. We have revised the instructions under the “Where to File” section below. You must follow these instructions. We also provide information on What Happens After You File Form I-589 With USCIS.

If you believe you are a member of the Mendez Rojas class, you will have until April 22, 2022, to raise a claim that the one-year deadline to file a Form I-589 does not apply to you under the terms of the final settlement agreement. You may raise this claim in a new asylum filing, in a pending filing, or through a motion before the immigration court or the Board of Immigration Appeals, whichever applies. For more information regarding the class definitions and the terms of the settlement agreement, please see the final settlement agreement.

ALERT: USCIS is implementing the U.S. District Court for the District of Maryland’s Sept. 11 preliminary injunction in Casa de Maryland Inc. et. al. v. Chad Wolf et. al.

This preliminary injunction provides limited injunctive relief to members of two organizations, CASA de Maryland (CASA) and the Asylum Seeker Advocacy Project (ASAP), in the application of the Removal of 30-day Processing Provision for Asylum Applicant-Related Form I-765 Employment Authorization Applications Rule and the Asylum Application, Interview, and Employment Authorization for Applicants Rule to Form I-589s and Form I-765s filed by asylum applicants who are also members of CASA or ASAP.

Please see the section on our Form I-765 webpage, Preliminary Injunction Impacting CASA and ASAP members.

Use this form to apply for asylum in the United States and for withholding of removal (formerly called “withholding of deportation”). You may file for asylum if you are physically in the United States and you are not a U.S. citizen.

NOTE: If you fail to file Form I-589 within one year of your arrival in the United States, you may not be eligible to apply for asylum under section 208(a)(2)(B) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA).

What This Form Can Help You Do

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Form Details

Edition Date

08/25/20. You can find the edition date at the bottom of the page on the form and instructions.

Dates are listed in mm/dd/yy format.

Where to File

Immediately before you file Form I-589: If you have been issued an Alien Number (A-Number), you should take the following step before filing your Form I-589. The A-Number begins with the letter “A” and is followed by eight or nine digits. This number is printed in all DHS and Executive Office for Immigration Review (EOIR) correspondence. Call the EOIR Automated Case Information Hotline at (800) 898-7180 (TDD 800-828-1120) (toll-free in the United States) or (304) 625-2050 (local toll call), or check the EOIR Automated Case Information online system at portal.eoir.justice.gov/InfoSystem

If the EOIR hotline or online system has information regarding your name and next hearing date, then your case has been filed and docketed with EOIR and you must file your Form I-589 with EOIR. The EOIR hotline or online system will provide an address for the immigration court where you should file your Form I-589. You also may locate immigration court information at justice.gov/eoir/eoir-immigration-court-listing. If you file your Form I-589 anywhere other than the court identified by the EOIR hotline or online system, EOIR will reject your Form I-589 and send you a notice that specifies the address where you should file your Form I-589. If you file your Form I-589 with USCIS, we may reject your Form I-589.

If the EOIR hotline or online system indicates that your A-Number did not match a record in the system, or if you have never been issued an A-Number, then you must file your Form I-589 with USCIS. See the chart below for information about where to file your Form I-589 with USCIS. If you file your Form I-589 with EOIR and the court has no record of your A-Number, the immigration court will reject and return your Form I-589.

See the What Happens After You File Form I-589 With USCIS webpage for more information about this process.

If you previously filed your Form I-589 with a local asylum office: You must now file your Form I-589 with the Asylum Vetting Center in Atlanta, Georgia. See the Special Instructions section for more information.
 

If you live in:

Then file your application with the:

  • Alabama
  • Arkansas
  • Colorado
  • District of Columbia
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Louisiana
  • Maryland
  • Mississippi
  • New Mexico
  • North Carolina
  • Oklahoma
  • Pennsylvania counties of Allegheny, Armstrong, Beaver, Bedford, Blair, Bradford, Butler, Cambria, Clarion, Clearfield, Crawford, Elk, Erie, Fayette, Forest, Greene, Indiana, Jefferson, Lawrence, McKean, Mercer, Somerset, Venango, Warren, Washington, and Westmoreland
  • Puerto Rico
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • U.S. Virgin Islands
  • Utah
  • Virginia
  • West Virginia
  • Wyoming

USCIS TSC
Attn: I-589
6046 N Belt Line Rd. STE 589
Irving, TX 75038-0018

  • Arizona
  • California counties of Imperial, Los Angeles, Orange, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo, or Ventura
  • Guam
  • Hawaii
  • Nevada counties of Clark, Esmerelda, Nye or Lincoln

California Service Center
P.O. Box 10881
Laguna Niguel, CA 92607-0881

If sending by FedEx, UPS, or DHL:

USCIS California Service Center
Attn: I-589
24000 Avila Road
2nd Floor, Room 2312
Laguna Niguel, CA 92677

  • Alaska
  • California counties that are not listed above
  • Idaho
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kansas
  • Kentucky
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Missouri
  • Montana
  • Nebraska
  • Nevada counties that are not listed above
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oregon
  • South Dakota
  • Washington
  • Wisconsin
  • Any county in California or Nevada that was not listed above

Nebraska Service Center
P.O. Box 87589
Lincoln, NE 68501-7589

If sending by FedEx, UPS, or DHL:

USCIS Nebraska Service Center
Attn: I-589
850 S Street
Lincoln, NE 68508

  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • Maine
  • Massachusetts
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • Pennsylvania counties that are not listed above
  • Rhode Island
  • Vermont
  • Any county in Pennsylvania that was not listed above

Vermont Service Center
Attention: Asylum
38 River Road
Essex Junction, VT 05479-0001

Filing Tips: Go to our Form Filing Tips page for information on how to help ensure we will accept your application.

We will reject any Form I-589 that is missing the explanation of why you are applying for asylum or that is missing any addendums that you reference in your application.

Don’t forget to sign your form. We will reject any unsigned form.

Filing Fee
$0.

Biometrics services may be required at no cost to you.

Special Instructions

Instructions on filing Form I-589s previously filed with a local asylum office.

When you file your Form I-589, you must include a letter explaining why you are filing with the Asylum Vetting Center and identifying which category below applies to your Form I-589. If your Form I-589 does not fit one of the categories listed below, we will reject it, with instructions to file with the appropriate service center.

The following Form I-589s must be filed with the Asylum Vetting Center:

  • Loss of Derivative Status After Asylum Approval but Before Adjustment of Status (Nunc Pro Tunc): If you are currently a derivative asylee, but you are unable to adjust status to lawful permanent resident due to a loss of derivative relationship, then you may submit a new Form I-589 and request a grant of asylum nunc pro tunc. In your letter, please provide information about your previous Form I-589 and explain that you are now filing independently as a principal applicant.
  • Loss of Derivative Status After Initial Filing but Before Final Decision: If you withdrew from a principal’s Form I-589 as a dependent, or if you lost derivative status by marriage, divorce, or death of the principal applicant, then you may submit a Form I-589 as a principal applicant. In your letter, please provide information about your previous Form I-589 and explain that you are now filing independently as a principal applicant.
  • Simultaneous Filing as a Principal Applicant and a Derivative Applicant: If you are already listed as a derivative applicant on another pending Form I-589, you may file a Form I-589 as a principal applicant. Also, you and your spouse may file separate Forms I-589 at the same time as principal applicants and list each other as derivative applicants. In your letter, please provide information about any previous Form I-589s and explain that you are now filing independently as a principal applicant.
  • Previously Issued a Final Action by USCIS on a Form I-589: If you previously received a denial of your Form I-589 or a notice dismissing your Form I-589 with USCIS, or you previously withdrew your Form I-589 with USCIS, and we did not place you in immigration court proceedings, then you may be eligible to file a new Form I-589 with USCIS.
  • Previously in Immigration Court Proceedings: If you have reason to believe that USCIS has jurisdiction over your Form I-589 and you were previously in immigration court proceedings, then you may submit a Form I-589.
  • Asylum Office Director or Asylum Division Chief’s Consent: If none of these categories apply to your Form I-589, you must receive explicit consent, in writing, from the local asylum office director with jurisdiction over your case or from the Asylum Division chief before submitting Form I-589 to the Asylum Vetting Center. The Asylum Vetting Center will not accept your Form I-589 submission if you do not include written documentation of this consent.

If you are filing a Form I-589, Application for Asylum and for Withholding of Removal, in one of the categories listed above with USCIS, you must mail your Form I-589 to:

USCIS Asylum Vetting Center
P.O. Box 57100
Atlanta, GA 30308-0506

If sending by FedEx, UPS or DHL:

DHS-USCIS Asylum Vetting Center
401 W. Peachtree St. NW, Suite 1000
Atlanta, GA 30308

Vangala v. U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, No. 4:20-cv-08143 (N.D. Cal.)

If we rejected your Form I-589 due to the “No Blank Space” rejection policy in effect between Oct. 7, 2019, and Dec. 22, 2020, you may request a receipt with the original attempted filing date for your resubmitted Form I-589. See below for additional information on how to obtain the original receipt date for Form I-589.

If you have not already resubmitted Form I-589:

  • Submit a paper Form I-589 on or before July 20, 2022, using the original form or a new form on the current version, and include one of the following supporting documents:
    • A copy of your rejection notice;
    • Other proof of the original rejected filing, such as the first page of your original attempted benefit request filing with a USCIS stamp indicating that you filed during the relevant time frame, or proof of delivery from a delivery service; or
    • A sworn statement from you, your attorney or accredited representative, or someone familiar with the circumstances of the original attempted filing that describes how you meet the terms and requirements of the settlement agreement. 
  • Mail your completed Form I-589 and supporting documents to the applicable filing address listed in the “Where to File” tab above. Write “ATTN: Vangala Request” in the address block.

If you already resubmitted Form I-589:

  • Send a written request for a new receipt notice to USCIS on or before July 20, 2022, that includes the receipt number for your resubmitted Form I-589 and one of the following:
    • A copy of your rejection notice;
    • Other proof of the original rejected filing, such as the first page of your original attempted benefit request filing with a USCIS stamp indicating that you filed during the relevant time frame, or proof of delivery from a delivery service; or
    • A sworn statement from you, your attorney or accredited representative, or someone familiar with the circumstances of the original attempted filing that describes how you meet the terms and requirements of the settlement agreement. 
  • Mail your request to:

       USCIS
       ATTN: Vangala Request
       401 W. Peachtree Street NW, Suite 1000
       Atlanta, GA 30308

If you properly submit a request, we will issue a receipt notice reflecting the date we received your original attempted filing. If you submit an ancillary benefit request, such as a Form I-765, Application for Employment Authorization, after you obtain a new Form I-589 receipt date submit a copy of your new Form I-589 receipt notice with the ancillary benefit request.

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