10.1.1 Overview of Federal Employment Discrimination Laws

The anti-discrimination provision of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA), as amended, prohibits four types of unlawful conduct:

  1. Unfair documentary practices;
  2. Citizenship or immigration status discrimination in hiring, firing and recruiting;
  3. National origin discrimination in hiring, firing and recruiting; and
  4. Retaliation or intimidation.

The Department of Justice’s Civil Rights Division, Immigrant and Employee Rights Section (IER), enforces this law.

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII) and other federal laws prohibit employment discrimination based on race, color, national origin, religion, sex, age, disability, and genetic information. The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) enforces these laws.


Last Reviewed/Updated: 04/27/2020