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I-944, Declaration of Self-Sufficiency

ALERT: On Sept. 11, 2020, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit issued a decision that allows DHS to resume implementing the Public Charge Ground of Inadmissibility final rule nationwide, including in New York, Connecticut and Vermont. The decision stays the July 29, 2020, injunction, issued during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic, that prevented DHS from enforcing the public charge final rule during a national health emergency.

Therefore, we will apply the public charge final rule and related guidance in the USCIS Policy Manual, Volumes 2, 8 and 12, to all applications and petitions postmarked (or submitted electronically) on or after Feb. 24, 2020. If you send your application or petition by commercial courier (for example, UPS, FedEx, or DHL), we will use the date on the courier receipt as the postmark date.

For information about the relevant court decisions, please see the public charge injunction webpage.

On Feb. 24, 2020, DHS began implementing the Inadmissibility on Public Charge Grounds final rule nationwide, including in Illinois. USCIS will apply the final rule to all applications and petitions postmarked (or, if applicable, submitted electronically) on or after that date. For applications and petitions that are sent by commercial courier (for example, UPS, FedEx, or DHL), the postmark date is the date reflected on the courier receipt. USCIS will reject any affected application or petition that does not adhere to the Final Rule, including those submitted by or on behalf of aliens living in Illinois, if postmarked on or after Feb. 24, 2020.   

Starting with applications for adjustment of status postmarked on or after Feb. 24, 2020, if you are subject to the public charge ground of inadmissibility (INA section 212(a)(4)), you must submit this form with your Form I-485, Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status, to demonstrate that you are not inadmissible based on the public charge ground. Please see the instructions for Form I-944 to see if you are subject to the public charge ground of inadmissibility.  

The Final Rule requires applicants for adjustment of status who are subject to the public charge ground of inadmissibility and certain applicants and petitioners seeking extension of stay and change of status to report certain information related to public benefits. Due to litigation-related delays in the Final Rule’s implementation, USCIS is applying this requirement as though it refers to Feb. 24, 2020, rather than Oct. 15, 2019. Please read all references to Oct. 15, 2019, as though they refer to Feb. 24, 2020. 

USCIS will not consider, and applicants for adjustment of status who are subject to the public charge ground of inadmissibility do not need to report, the application for, certification or approval to receive, or receipt of certain previously excluded non-cash public benefits (such as SNAP, most forms of Medicaid, and public housing) before Feb. 24, 2020. Similarly, USCIS will not consider as a heavily weighted negative factor receipt of previously included public benefits (such as SSI and TANF) before Feb. 24, 2020, in a public charge inadmissibility determination.  

Certain classes of aliens (such as refugees, asylees, petitioners under the federal Violence Against Women Act, and certain T and U visa applicants) are exempt from the public charge ground of inadmissibility and therefore are not subject to the Inadmissibility on Public Charge Grounds final rule. For more information about the classes of aliens who are exempt from the final rule, please see the USCIS Policy Manual.  

Do NOT submit this form before Feb. 24, 2020.

Forms and Document Downloads

Form Details

Edition Date

10/15/19. You can find the edition date at the bottom of the page on the form and instructions.

Dates are listed in mm/dd/yy format.

Where to File

File Form I-944 together with your Form I-485. Go to the Direct Filing Addresses for Form I-485, Application to Register Permanent Residence or Adjust Status, page to see where you should file your application.

Go to our Form Filing Tips page for information on how to help ensure that we will accept your application.

Additional Information for Completing Your Form:

Don’t forget to sign your form! We will reject any unsigned form.

Special Instructions

The Inadmissibility on Public Charge Grounds final rule requires applicants for adjustment of status who are subject to the public charge ground of inadmissibility to report certain information related to public benefits. The form instructions for Form I-944 require the applicant to report and submit information about whether the alien applied for, was certified or approved to receive, or received certain non-cash public benefits on or after Oct. 15, 2019. See page 9 of the form instructions. Due to litigation-related delays in the final rule’s implementation, USCIS is applying this requirement as though it refers to Feb. 24, 2020, rather than Oct. 15, 2019. In other words, aliens subject to the public charge ground of inadmissibility and the final rule need not report the application for, certification or approval to receive, or receipt of, certain non-cash public benefits on the Form I-944 before Feb. 24, 2020. Please read all references to Oct. 15, 2019, as though they refer to Feb. 24, 2020.

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