Chapter 2 – Forms of Relief
In general, applicants for immigration benefits must establish that they are admissible to the United States. If an applicant for an immigration benefit is inadmissible to the United States, USCIS may only grant the benefit if the applicant receives a waiver of inadmissibility or another form of relief provided in the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA).  See Pub. L. 82-414 (June 27, 1952). In general, if the INA uses the term waiver, the applicant must apply for the waiver by filing the correct application.
USCIS may only grant a waiver if the applicant meets all statutory and regulatory requirements.
There are instances in which an officer may adjudicate a waiver without asking the applicant to file a form. For example, an officer may adjudicate certain waivers of inadmissibility for a refugee or an asylee seeking adjustment of status without the applicant filing a waiver application. In these circumstances, the officer must still clearly document the waiver determination in the record.
B. Exceptions or Exemptions
A statute may provide for an exception or exemption from a ground of inadmissibility.  Exception and exemption both mean that the specific inadmissibility ground does not apply if the applicant establishes that the terms of the exception or exemption apply. If the foreign national’s action or circumstance meets the requirements of an exception or exemption, then the ground of inadmissibility does not apply and the foreign national is not inadmissible on that ground. Unlike a waiver, an exemption or exception generally does not require that a foreign national file an application.
C. Consent to Reapply
Permission to reapply for admission into the United States after deportation or removal, also known as “consent to reapply,” is not a waiver.  See Application for Permission to Reapply for Admission into the United States After Deportation or Removal (Form I-212) (used to seek consent to reapply). See the form instructions for more information. Consent to reapply is a distinct remedy that permits a foreign national to seek admission. If the statute specifies that the foreign national must obtain consent to reapply to overcome the inadmissibility, a waiver of inadmissibility is not a substitute for consent to reapply.  See INA 212(a)(9)(A). See INA 212(a)(9)(C).
Exception and exemption both mean that the specific inadmissibility ground does not apply if the applicant establishes that the terms of the exception or exemption apply.
See Application for Permission to Reapply for Admission into the United States After Deportation or Removal (Form I-212) (used to seek consent to reapply). See the form instructions for more information.
POLICY ALERT – Waiver Policies and Procedures
August 23, 2017
U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is issuing policy guidance to address the general policies and procedures applicable to the adjudication of waivers of inadmissibility.
- 8 CFR 212.7 - Waiver of certain grounds of inadmissibility
- G-28, Notice of Entry of Appearance as Attorney or Accredited Representative
- I-212, Application for Permission to Reapply for Admission into the United States After Deportation or Removal
- I-601, Application for Waiver of Grounds of Inadmissibility
- I-602, Application by Refugee for Waiver of Grounds of Excludability