Raymond Fowler Crist

Commissioner of Naturalization, January 1, 1923 to August 9, 1933

Born August 7, 1871, in El Paso, Illinois, Crist came to Washington D.C. as a student. After earning degrees from George Washington University and Howard University, he later took a law degree in 1917 from the Washington College of Law. While a student, Crist worked as a messenger boy and clerk at the US Government Printing Office between 1884 and 1895. His career with the Department of Commerce and Labor commenced as a cashier in 1903. He spent the next year as private secretary to the Secretary of Commerce and Labor, and the next as a commercial agent to Japan, China, and Africa.

With the organization of the US Naturalization Service within the Bureau of Immigration and Naturalization in 1906, Crist became Assistant Chief of the new Naturalization Division. When the two bureaus split in 1913, Crist's position became Deputy Commissioner of Naturalization, where he remained until 1919. From that year until 1922 Crist worked as Director of Citizenship within the Bureau, until named Commissioner of Naturalization in 1923. The second and last Commissioner of Naturalization, Crist resigned when the bureau was abolished and consolidated with immigration to form the Immigration and Naturalization Service in 1933.

Following retirement Crist maintained a private law practice. During World War II he was the chief of employee relations for the War Production Board. Crist died at his Washington, D.C., home on August 5, 1944.

Who was Who in America, Vol. 2 (1943-1950).

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