The home study is a required document that must be submitted to USCIS for all Orphan and Hague adoption cases. The primary purpose of the home study is to help USCIS determine whether the prospective adoptive parents are suitable and eligible to adopt a child, based on the criteria that have been established by law.
Preparing a Home Study
USCIS does not conduct the home study. An adoption home study must be conducted by someone who is licensed or otherwise authorized to conduct adoption home studies. The individual must complete the home study according to Department of Homeland Security (DHS) regulations.
If you wish to adopt a child with a disability or special needs, the home study must contain a discussion of the preparation, willingness and ability of the applicant to provide proper care for a child with a disability or special needs.
Sample Wording for Known Special Needs Condition of a Child: “Bradley and Susan are seeking to adopt one female child from Country X, age 0-4 years with mild to moderate special needs. Child X, who was born on June 1, 2007, has the minor special need of congenital heart defect and ASD, or atrial septal defect. The Smith's have reviewed the child's medical records and consulted with medical professionals, including those who work in the field of international adoption medicine. Having done the research on this medical condition, they feel well prepared to parent a child with this special need and would like pursue the adoption of this child.”
Sample Wording for Unknown Special Needs of an Unknown Child: “Bradley and Susan are seeking to adopt one female child from Country X, age 0-4 years with mild to moderate special needs. Both Bradley and Susan have experience and training working with children having various special needs. Bradley and Susan have the preparation, willingness and ability to parent a child with special needs.”
Note: Remember it is always best to address specific special needs to the most serious degree of disability/health condition where possible.