Filing a Discrimination Claim
An employee who believes that an employer discriminated against him or her because of citizenship or immigration status, national origin, or any other prohibited practice may file a complaint. Employees can also file a complaint if they believe they are a victim of document abuse.
Filing a Complaint with the Government
Depending on the type of discrimination you suffer, you may file a discrimination charge with either the Department of Justice’s Immigrant and Employee Rights Section (IER) or the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). Employees must file discrimination charges with IER within 180 days of the date the employee believes the discrimination occurred. The deadline to file a complaint with the EEOC depends on where the discrimination took place. The deadline is 180 days, unless a state or local agency enforces a state or local law that prohibits employment discrimination on the same basis, in which case the complaint must be filed within 300 calendar days.
- Contact the IER to file a charge of employment discrimination based on citizenship or immigration status, or based on national origin. IER has jurisdiction over national origin claims against employers with 4 to 14 employees.
- Contact the EEOC to file a complaint of employment discrimination based on race, color, national origin, age, sex, religion, disability, or other prohibited basis and your employer has 15 or more employees.
IER or EEOC will notify the employer of the discrimination complaint within 10 days of filing. The employer will receive:
- A notice of the charge
- A request for information
- A reminder that retaliation is unlawful