Chapter 1 - Purpose and Background

A. Purpose

USCIS accommodates naturalization applicants with disabilities by making modifications to the naturalization process. [1] USCIS aims to provide applicants with disabilities an equal opportunity to successfully complete the process. While USCIS is not required to make major modifications that would result in a fundamental change to the naturalization process or an undue burden for the agency, USCIS makes every effort to provide accommodations to naturalization applicants with disabilities.

  • USCIS evaluates disability accommodation requests on a case-by-case basis as accommodations vary according to the nature of the applicant’s disability. In determining what type of accommodation is necessary, USCIS gives primary consideration to the requests of the person with a disability.

  • USCIS provides applicants with the requested accommodation or an effective alternative that addresses the unique needs of the applicant where appropriate. [2] 

Applicants may request an accommodation at the time of filing their naturalization application or at any other time during the naturalization process. [3] 

B. Background

The Rehabilitation Act requires all federal agencies to provide reasonable accommodations to persons with disabilities in the administration of their programs and benefits. [4] USCIS does not exclude persons with disabilities from its programs or activities based on their disability. The Rehabilitation Act and the implemented Department of Homeland Security (DHS) regulations [5] require USCIS to provide accommodations that assist an applicant with a disability to have an equal opportunity to participate in its programs, to include the naturalization process.

C. Difference between Accommodations and Waivers

Accommodations are different from statutory waivers or exceptions. For example, if an officer grants an applicant a waiver for a naturalization educational requirement, the applicant is exempt from meeting that educational requirement. An accommodation is a modification of an existing practice or procedure that will enable an applicant with a disability to participate in the naturalization process.

The accommodation does not exempt the applicant from the obligation to satisfy any applicable requirement for naturalization. The accommodation is a modification to the way in which the applicant may establish that he or she meets the requirement. [6] 

D. Legal Authorities

  • Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 [7] – Nondiscrimination under federal grants

  • 29 U.S.C. 794 – Nondiscrimination under federal grants and programs

  • 6 CFR 15 – DHS federal regulations on non-discrimination on the basis of disability of persons who access DHS programs or activities

  • 8 CFR 334.4 – Examination and off-site visits for sick or disabled applicants


1. [^] See 6 CFR 15.3 for the applicable definitions relating to enforcement of nondiscrimination on the basis of disability DHS federal programs or activities.

2. [^] See, for example, 6 CFR 15.50 and 6 CFR 15.60.

3. [^] In some cases, applicants with physical impairments such as blindness or low vision or hearing loss may have submitted a medical disability exception form (Form N-648) along with their naturalization application to request an exception from the English and civics tests as they may be unable to take the tests, even with an accommodation. See Part E, English and Civics Testing and Exceptions, Chapter 3, Medical Disability Exception (Form N-648) [12 USCIS-PM E.3].

4. [^] See Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, Pub. L. 93-112 (PDF), 87 Stat. 355, 394 (September 26, 1973). See 29 U.S.C. 794(a). The Act prohibits qualified persons with a disability from being excluded from participation in, denied the benefits of, or being subjected to discrimination under any programs or activities conducted by federal agencies solely on the basis of their disability.

5. [^] See 6 CFR 15.

6. [^] The accommodations discussed in this part are distinguished from the oath waiver process by which the applicant’s complete examination is conducted by a legal guardian or surrogate appointed by a court of law, or an eligible designated representative. See Part J, Oath of Allegiance,Chapter 3, Oath of Allegiance Modifications and Waivers [12 USCIS-PM J.3]. 

7. [^] See Pub. L. 93-112 (PDF), 87 Stat. 355, 394 (September 26, 1973).

29 U.S.C. 794 - Nondiscrimination under federal grants and programs

6 CFR 15 - Enforcement of nondiscrimination on the basis of disability in programs or activities conducted by the Department of Homeland Security

8 CFR 334.4 - Investigation and report if applicant is sick or disabled

INA 332, 8 CFR 332 - Naturalization administration, executive functions


No appendices available at this time.

Technical Update - Moving the Adjudicator’s Field Manual Content into the USCIS Policy Manual

May 21, 2020

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is updating and incorporating relevant Adjudicator’s Field Manual (AFM) content into the USCIS Policy Manual. As that process is ongoing, USCIS has moved any remaining AFM content to its corresponding USCIS Policy Manual Part, in PDF format, until relevant AFM content has been properly incorporated into the USCIS Policy Manual. To the extent that a provision in the USCIS Policy Manual conflicts with remaining AFM content or Policy Memoranda, the updated information in the USCIS Policy Manual prevails. To find remaining AFM content, see the crosswalk between the AFM and the Policy Manual.



Technical Update - Replacing the Term “Foreign National”

October 08, 2019

This technical update replaces all instances of the term “foreign national” with “alien” throughout the Policy Manual as used to refer to a person who meets the definition provided in INA 101(a)(3) [“any person not a citizen or national of the United States”].



POLICY ALERT - Comprehensive Citizenship and Naturalization Policy Guidance

January 07, 2013

USCIS is issuing updated and comprehensive citizenship and naturalization policy guidance in the new USCIS Policy Manual.


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