Chapter 6 - Special Provisions for the Naturalization of Children
In general, the spouse of a U.S. citizen who resides in the United States may be eligible for naturalization based on his or her marriage under section 319(a) of the Immigration and Nationality Act (INA). On October 28, 2000, Congress expanded the naturalization provision based on a family relationship to a U.S. citizen. The amendments added that children of U.S. citizens may naturalize if they obtained lawful permanent resident (LPR) status based on having been battered or subjected to extreme cruelty by their citizen parent. 
An approved Petition for Amerasian, Widow(er), or Special Immigrant (Form I-360) as the self-petitioning child of an abusive U.S. citizen;
An approved Petition for Amerasian, Widow(er), or Special Immigrant (Form I-360) as the self-petitioning child of an abusive LPR, if the abusive parent naturalizes after USCIS approves the petition; 
An approved Petition for Amerasian, Widow(er), or Special Immigrant (Form I-360) as the derivative child  of a self-petitioning spouse of a U.S. citizen who was battered or subjected to extreme cruelty by a U.S. citizen spouse;  or
Cancellation of removal where the applicant was the child of a U.S. citizen who subjected him or her to battery or extreme cruelty. 
A child is also eligible for naturalization under the spousal naturalization provisions if he or she had the conditions on his or her residence removed based on:
The applicant must meet all other eligibility requirements for naturalization, including the requirement that the applicant is over the age of 18 at the time of filing. The applicant must be the genetic, legitimated, or adopted son or daughter of a U.S. citizen, or the son or daughter of a non-genetic gestational U.S. citizen mother who is recognized by the relevant jurisdiction as the child’s legal parent. 
Stepchildren of U.S. citizens may also naturalize under this provision if otherwise eligible. 
An applicant subjected to battery or extreme cruelty by his or her U.S. citizen parent is exempt from the following naturalization requirements: 
Living with the U.S. citizen parent for at least 3 years at the time of filing the naturalization application; and
The applicant's U.S. citizen parent, who petitioned for him or her, has U.S. citizenship from the time of filing until the time the applicant takes the Oath of Allegiance. 
These exceptions also apply to derivative children.
On November 24, 2003, Congress amended certain military-related immigration provisions of the INA. This included extending certain immigration benefits to surviving spouses, children, and parents of deceased U.S. citizen service members. 
A surviving child, who has not already acquired U.S. citizenship, may be eligible for naturalization.  In addition, the child may qualify for certain exemptions from the general naturalization requirements. To qualify for this special provision, the applicant must be the child  of a U.S. citizen service member who died during a period of honorable service in an active duty status in the U.S. armed forces.  This includes service members who were not U.S. citizens at the time of their death but were later granted posthumous U.S. citizenship.
The applicant must meet all other eligibility requirements for naturalization, including the requirement that the applicant be over the age of 18 at the time of filing. The applicant must be the genetic, legitimated, or adopted son or daughter of a U.S. citizen, or the son or daughter of a non-genetic gestational U.S. citizen mother who is recognized by the relevant jurisdiction as the child’s legal parent.  A person who is the surviving stepchild of a member of the U.S. armed forces is not eligible to naturalize under this provision.
Under the special provision, the qualified surviving child is exempt from the following requirements:
Physical presence; and
Three-month physical presence within the state or jurisdiction.
1. [^] See the Victims of Trafficking and Violence Protection Act of 2000, Pub. L. 106-386 (October 28, 2000). For more information regarding battered spouses or spouses subjected to extreme cruelty, see Part G, Spouses of U.S. Citizens, Chapter 3, Spouses of U.S. Citizens Residing in the United States, Section F, Eligibility for Persons Subjected to Battery or Extreme Cruelty [12 USCIS-PM G.3(F)].
2. [^] The child must be 18 years of age or older to apply for naturalization.
5. [^] A derivative child is an unmarried child who can accompany the principal beneficiary based on a parent-child relationship.
8. [^] The waiver must be based on either the parent being subjected to battery or extreme cruelty by the petitioning citizen or LPR spouse, or the child being subjected to battery or extreme cruelty by the conditional permanent resident parent or the petitioning citizen or LPR spouse. See INA 216(c)(4)(C).
14. [^] See INA 319(d). For information on eligibility for surviving parents and spouses, see Part I, Military Members and their Families, Chapter 9, Spouses, Children, and Surviving Family Benefits [12 USCIS-PM I.9].
15. [^] See INA 101(c)(1). The child must meet the definition of child applicable to citizenship and naturalization. See Part H, Children of U.S. Children, Chapter 2, Definition of Child [12 USCIS-PM H.2].
No appendices available at this time.
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