Chapter 4 - Immigrant Petition by Alien Investor (Form I-526)

An immigrant investor must file an initial immigrant petition and supporting documentation to receive EB-5 immigrant classification. [1] The immigrant investor will be a conditional permanent resident upon adjustment of status or admission to the United States. [2] 

The petitioner must establish he or she meets the following eligibility requirements when filing the Immigrant Petition by Alien Investor (Form I-526): 

  • The required amount of capital has been invested or is actively in the process of being invested in the new commercial enterprise;

  • The investment capital was obtained by the investor through lawful means;

  • The new commercial enterprise will create at least 10 full-time positions for qualifying employees; and 

  • The immigrant investor is or will be engaged in the management of the new commercial enterprise.

If the immigrant investor seeks to qualify based on a $500,000 investment, instead of $1,000,000, it is necessary to show the new commercial enterprise or job-creating entity, as applicable, is principally doing business in a TEA.

At the preliminary Form I-526 filing stage, the immigrant investor must demonstrate his or her commitment to invest the capital, but does not need to establish the required capital already has been fully invested. The investment requirement is met if the immigrant investor demonstrates that he or she is actively in the process of investing the required capital. However, evidence of a mere intent to invest or of prospective investment arrangements entailing no present commitment will not suffice. [3] 

At this preliminary stage, the immigrant investor does not need to establish the required jobs have already been created. The job creation requirement is met by the immigrant investor demonstrating it is more likely than not the required jobs will be created. [4] 

A. Petitions Associated with Regional Centers

Each regional center investor must demonstrate that he or she has invested, or is actively in the process of investing, lawfully obtained capital in a new commercial enterprise located within a designated regional center in the United States. The investor must also demonstrate that this investment will create at least 10 direct or indirect full-time jobs for qualifying employees.

As part of the determination of whether a regional center investor has invested, or is actively in the process of investing, in a new commercial enterprise located within a regional center, an officer reviews the regional center’s geographic boundaries. If the regional center has requested to expand its geographic area, USCIS adjudicates the petition based on the following:

  • Any requests for geographic area expansion made on or after February 22, 2017 are adjudicated under the current guidance in the Form I-924 instructions which require that a Form I-924 amendment must be filed, and approved, to expand the regional center’s geographic area. The Form I-924 amendment must be approved before an I-526 petitioner may demonstrate eligibility at the time of filing his or her petition based on an investment in the expanded area.

  • ​If the regional center’s geographic area expansion request was submitted either through a Form I-924 amendment or Form I-526 petition filed prior to February 22, 2017, and the request is ultimately approved, USCIS will continue to adjudicate additional Form I-526 petitions associated with investments in that area under prior policy guidance issued on May 30, 2013. [5] That policy did not require a formal amendment to expand a regional center’s geographic area, and permitted concurrent filing of the Form I-526 prior to approval of the geographic area amendment. 

The immigrant investor must provide a copy of the regional center’s most recently issued approval letter. In addition, if the immigrant investor is relying on previously approved project-specific documentation (including the comprehensive business plan, economic analysis, and organizational and transactional documents) to satisfy his or her burden of proof, the immigrant investor must submit this documentation with his or her Form I-526 petition. This is required even though the regional center previously submitted and USCIS reviewed the documentation with a regional center’s Application for Regional Center Under the Immigrant Investor Program (Form I-924). 

When USCIS has evaluated and approved certain aspects of an EB-5 investment, USCIS generally defers to that favorable determination at a subsequent stage in the EB-5 process. USCIS does not, however, defer to a previously favorable decision in later proceedings when, for example, the underlying facts upon which a favorable decision was made have materially changed, there is evidence of fraud or misrepresentation, or the previously favorable decision is determined to be legally deficient. [6] 

B. Stand-Alone Petitions

An immigrant investor not associated with a regional center must, together with the petition, demonstrate that he or she has invested, or is actively in the process of investing, lawfully obtained capital in a new commercial enterprise located within the United States that will create at least 10 direct full-time jobs for qualifying employees.

C. Material Change

A petitioner must establish eligibility at the time of filing and a petition cannot be approved if, after filing, the immigrant investor becomes eligible under a new set of facts or circumstances. Changes that are considered material that occur after the filing of an immigrant investor petition will result in the investor’s ineligibility if the investor has not obtained conditional permanent resident status.[7]

If material changes occur after the approval of the immigrant petition, but before the investor has obtained conditional permanent residence, such changes would constitute good and sufficient cause to issue a notice of intent to revoke and, if not overcome, would constitute good cause to revoke the approval of the petition. A change is material if the changed circumstances would have a natural tendency to influence or are predictably capable of affecting the decision.[8] 

Changes that occur in accordance with a business plan and other supporting documents as filed will generally not be considered material. For example, if at the time of filing the immigrant petition, no jobs have yet been created, but after approval of the immigrant petition and before the investor has obtained conditional permanent resident status, the investment in the new commercial enterprise results in the creation of 10 jobs in accordance with the investor’s business plan as filed, such a change would not be considered material.

If the new commercial enterprise undertakes the commercial activities presented in the initially filed business plan and creates the required number of jobs, the new commercial enterprise may further deploy the capital into another activity. The activity must be within the scope of the new commercial enterprise and further deployment must be within a commercially reasonable period of time. Further deployment of this nature will not cause the petition to be denied or revoked under certain circumstances.

In all cases where further deployment is envisioned, officers review the evidence submitted with the petition to determine whether the petitioner has presented sufficient evidence to demonstrate continuing eligibility with the capital at risk requirement. The investor must show that the capital is, and will remain, at risk of loss and gain and is and will be used in a manner related to engagement in commerce within the scope of the new commercial enterprise’s business. Further deployment of capital that occurs before the immigrant investor becomes a conditional permanent resident must be adequately described in the Form I-526 record.

If the organizational documents for a new commercial enterprise contain a liquidation provision, that does not otherwise constitute an impermissible debt arrangement, the documents may generally be amended to remove such a provision in order to allow the new commercial enterprise to continue to operate through the regional center immigrant investor’s period of conditional permanent residence. Such an amendment would generally not be considered a material change because facts related to the immigrant investor’s Form I-526 eligibility would not change.

If, at the time of adjudication, the investor is asserting eligibility under a materially different set of facts that did not exist when he or she filed the immigrant petition, the investor must file a new Form I-526 immigrant petition.

Further, if a regional center immigrant investor changes the regional center with which his or her immigrant petition is associated after filing the Form I-526 petition, the change constitutes a material change to the petition. Similarly, the termination of a regional center associated with a regional center immigrant investor’s Form I-526 petition constitutes a material change to the petition.[9]

For petitions filed before November 21, 2019, amendments or supplements to any offering necessary to maintain compliance with applicable securities laws based on regulatory changes effective on November 21, 2019, do not independently result in denial or revocation of a petition, provided that the petitioner:

  • Was eligible for classification as an employment-based 5th preference immigrant[10] at the time the petition was filed; and

  • Is currently eligible for classification as an employment-based 5th preference immigrant, including having no right to withdraw or rescind the investment or commitment to invest into such offering, at the time of adjudication of the petition.[11]


1. [^] See 8 CFR 204.6(a). See 8 CFR 103.2(b).

2. [^] See INA 216A(a). For information regarding removal of the conditional basis of the investor’s permanent resident status, see Chapter 5, Removal of Conditions [6 USCIS-PM G.5].

3. [^] See 8 CFR 204.6(j)(2). See Matter of Ho (PDF), 22 I&N Dec. 206 (Assoc. Comm. 1998).

4. [^] See 8 CFR 204.6(j)(4). See 8 CFR 204.6(m)(7).

5. [^] See EB-5 Adjudication Policy Memo (PDF), PM-602-0083, issued May 30, 2013.

6. [^] Legally deficient includes objective mistakes of law or fact made as part of the USCIS adjudication.

7. [^] See Matter of Izummi (PDF), 22 I&N Dec. 169, 176 (Assoc. Comm. 1998). See 8 CFR 103.2(b)(1).

8. [^] See Kungys v. United States, 485 U.S. 759, 770-72 (1988).

9. [^] See 8 CFR 204.6(j). See 8 CFR 204.6(m)(7).

10. [^] See INA 203(b)(5).

11. [^] See 84 FR 35750, 35809 (PDF) (July 24, 2019) (to be codified at 8 CFR 204.6(n)).

INA 201 - Worldwide level of immigration

INA 202 - Numerical limitations on individual foreign states

INA 203 - Allocation of immigrant visas

INA 203(b)(5), 8 CFR 204.6 - Employment creation immigrants

INA 204; 8 CFR 204 - Procedure for granting immigrant status

INA 216A, 8 CFR 216.6 - Conditional permanent resident status for certain alien entrepreneurs, spouses, and children


No appendices available at this time.

Technical Update - Moving the Adjudicator’s Field Manual Content into the USCIS Policy Manual

May 21, 2020

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is updating and incorporating relevant Adjudicator’s Field Manual (AFM) content into the USCIS Policy Manual. As that process is ongoing, USCIS has moved any remaining AFM content to its corresponding USCIS Policy Manual Part, in PDF format, until relevant AFM content has been properly incorporated into the USCIS Policy Manual. To the extent that a provision in the USCIS Policy Manual conflicts with remaining AFM content or Policy Memoranda, the updated information in the USCIS Policy Manual prevails. To find remaining AFM content, see the crosswalk between the AFM and the Policy Manual.



POLICY ALERT - EB-5 Immigrant Investor Program Modernization Final Rule

November 06, 2019

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is revising its policy guidance in the USCIS Policy Manual to align with the EB-5 Immigrant Investor Program Modernization Final Rule, published on July 24, 2019, and effective November 21, 2019.



Technical Update - Replacing the Term “Foreign National”

October 08, 2019

This technical update replaces all instances of the term “foreign national” with “alien” throughout the Policy Manual as used to refer to a person who meets the definition provided in INA 101(a)(3) [“any person not a citizen or national of the United States”].



POLICY ALERT - Geographic Area of a Regional Center

August 24, 2018

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is updating guidance in the USCIS Policy Manual regarding a regional center’s geographic area, requests to expand the geographic area, and how such requests impact the filing of Form I-526, Immigrant Petition by Alien Entrepreneur.



POLICY ALERT - Job Creation and Capital At Risk Requirements for Investors

June 14, 2017

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is updating the USCIS Policy Manual to provide further guidance regarding the job creation and capital at risk requirements for Form I-526, Immigrant Petition by Alien Entrepreneur, and Form I-829, Petition by Entrepreneur to Remove Conditions on Permanent Resident Status.



POLICY ALERT - Employment-Based Fifth Preference Immigrants: Investors

November 30, 2016

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) is issuing policy guidance regarding the eligibility requirements for regional centers and immigrant investors.


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