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Chapter 3 - Review of Inadmissibility Grounds

A. Verification of Inadmissibility

Before adjudicating a waiver, the officer must verify that the applicant is inadmissible. [1] The officer must identify all inadmissibility grounds that apply, even if an immigration judge, a consular officer, Customs and Border Protection (CBP) officer, or a different USCIS officer made a prior inadmissibility determination. [2] 

An applicant’s file should reflect evidence of inadmissibility. Examples of evidence that may indicate an applicant is inadmissible may include but is not limited to:​

  • A visa refusal worksheet;

  • Background check results;

  • A criminal disposition;

  • A sworn statement; and

  • A Record of Arrests and Prosecutions sheet (police arrest record). 

If the officer identifies that the applicant is inadmissible, the officer should then determine whether a waiver or other type of relief is available and whether the applicant meets the eligibility requirements for the relief. [3] 

B. Grounds Included in Waiver Application

The officer must review all inadmissibility grounds that the applicant lists in the waiver application. If the applicant states that he or she is inadmissible but there is no evidence of inadmissibility in the record, then the officer should issue a Request for Evidence (RFE). The officer should request that the applicant provide a written statement explaining why the applicant thinks he or she is inadmissible. The officer should proceed with the waiver adjudication if the officer determines that the applicant is inadmissible.

An applicant may file a waiver application after another government agency, such as the Department of State or CBP, has found the applicant inadmissible. In general, USCIS accepts another government agency’s finding of inadmissibility. The officer should only question another government agency’s inadmissibility determination if:

  • The government agency’s finding was clearly erroneous; or

  • The applicant has shown that he or she is clearly not inadmissible.

The officer should work with the other government agency to resolve the issue through appropriate procedures.

C. Grounds Not Included in Waiver Application

If the officer identifies additional inadmissibility grounds based on events that are not included in the waiver application, the officer should notify the applicant and the applicant’s representative, if applicable. The officer should follow current USCIS guidance on the issuance of RFEs, Notices of Intent to Deny (NOID), and Denials. 


[^ 1] For more on admissibility determinations, see Volume 8, Admissibility [8 USCIS-PM].

[^ 2] When verifying the inadmissibility, the officer may determine that the applicant is admissible and does not require a waiver. For more on admissibility determinations, see Volume 8, Admissibility [8 USCIS-PM].

[^ 3] For specific scenarios that the officer may encounter during the adjudication of a waiver, see Chapter 4, Waiver Eligibility and Evidence, Section C, Evidence [9 USCIS-PM A.4(C)].


Legal Authorities

8 CFR 212.7 - Waiver of certain grounds of inadmissibility

INA 207, 8 CFR 207 - Annual admission of refugees and admission of emergency situation refugees

INA 209, 8 CFR 209 - Adjustment of status of refugees and asylees

INA 210, 8 CFR 210 - Special agricultural workers

INA 211, 8 CFR 211 - Admission of immigrants into the United States

INA 212, 8 CFR 212 - Excludable aliens

INA 214, 8 CFR 214 - Admission of nonimmigrants

INA 244, 8 CFR 244 - Temporary protected status

INA 2458 CFR 245 - Adjustment of status of nonimmigrant to that of person admitted for permanent residence

INA 245A, 8 CFR 245a - Adjustment of status of certain entrants before January 1, 1982 to that of person admitted for lawful residence


No appendices available at this time.


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