Deferred Enforced Departure
DED is in the president’s discretion to authorize as part of his constitutional power to conduct foreign relations. Although DED is not a specific immigration status, individuals covered by DED are not subject to removal from the United States for a designated period of time.
Individuals Currently Covered Under DED
|Effective Date of DED
|DED Extended Through
|EAD Automatically Extended Through
|Oct. 1, 2007 (by President George W. Bush’s order of Sept. 12, 2007)
|June 30, 2024
|June 30, 2024
|Aug. 5, 2021 (by President Joe Biden’s order of Aug. 5, 2021)
|Feb. 5, 2025
|Feb. 5, 2025
Eligibility requirements for Deferred Enforced Departure (DED) are based on the terms the president specifies in each DED directive. Each presidential directive includes the criteria for an individual to be covered by DED and certain exceptions for individuals who are not covered.
Working in the United States
If DHS provides work authorization as a benefit of DED for your country, then you may request an Employment Authorization Document by filing Form I-765, Application for Employment Authorization.
Automatic Employment Authorization Document (EAD) Extension
DHS may issue a blanket automatic extension of expiring EADs for DED beneficiaries of a specific country to allow time to issue EADs with new validity dates. Additionally, we may publish a Federal Register notice announcing automatic extensions. The notice will tell you if we are automatically extending your EAD and until what date.
If you otherwise remain eligible for DED, you may show your DED-related EAD with an expired Card Expires date and a copy of the Federal Register notice to employers and government agencies (federal, state, and local). Employers may rely on the Federal Register notice as evidence that your EAD is still valid.
If you are an employer or government agency with questions or concerns about the automatic EAD extension, you may contact:
- USCIS Form I-9 Support: 888-464-4218
- U.S. Department of Justice, Immigrant, and Employee Rights Section (IER) Employer Hotline: 800-255-8155
If you are an employee with questions or concerns about the automatic EAD extension, you may contact the Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Immigrant and Employee Rights Section Worker Hotline at 800-255-7688.
Travel Outside the United States
If DHS provides travel authorization as a benefit of DED for your country, you must file for advance parole if you wish to travel. Advance parole gives you permission to leave the United States and return during a specified period. To request advance parole, you must file Form I-131, Application for Travel Document.
If you leave the United States without first receiving advance parole, you may no longer be eligible for DED and may not be permitted to reenter the United States.